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Article

Environmental and Psychosocial Barriers Affect the Active Commuting to University in Chilean Students

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Grupo AFySE, Investigación en Actividad Física y Salud Escolar, Escuela de Pedagogía en Educación Física, Facultad de Educación, Universidad de Las Américas, Santiago 8370035, Chile
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Área Salud, Universidad Tecnológica de Chile INACAP, La Serena 1700000, Chile
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Magíster en Nutrición para la Actividad Física y el Deporte, Escuela de Nutrición y Dietética, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Mayor, Santiago 8580745, Chile
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IRyS Research Group, School of Physical Education, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Valparaíso 2374631, Chile
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School of Sport Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, 28670 Madrid, Spain
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Quality of Life Research Group in Different Populations, Department of Education Sciences, Universidad del Bíobío, Chillan 3800949, Chile
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Gregory Heath and Adilson Marques
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 1818; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041818
Received: 22 December 2020 / Revised: 22 January 2021 / Accepted: 2 February 2021 / Published: 13 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Active Commuting and Active Transportation)
Biking and walking are active commuting, which is considered an opportunity to create healthy habits. Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the main environmental and psychosocial barriers perceived by students, leading to less Active Commuting (AC) to university and to not reaching the Physical Activity (PA) recommendations. Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 1349 university students (637 men and 712 women) were selected. A self-reported questionnaire was applied to assess the mode of commuting, PA level and barriers to the use of the AC. Results: Women presented higher barriers associated with passive commuting than men. The main barriers for women were “involves too much planning” (OR: 5.25; 95% CI: 3.14–8.78), “It takes too much time” (OR: 4.62; 95% CI: 3.05–6.99) and “It takes too much physical effort “ (OR: 3.18; 95% CI: 2.05–4.94). In men, the main barriers were “It takes too much time” (OR: 4.22; 95% CI: 2.97–5.99), “involves too much planning” (OR: 2.49; 95% CI: 1.67–3.70) and “too much traffic along the route” (OR: 2.07; 95% CI: 1.47–2.93). Psychosocial barriers were found in both sexes. Conclusions: Psychosocial and personal barriers were more positively associated with passive commuting than environmental barriers. Interventions at the university are necessary to improve the perception of AC and encourage personal organization to travel more actively. View Full-Text
Keywords: active; commuting; active transport; physical activity; active behavior; college active; commuting; active transport; physical activity; active behavior; college
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MDPI and ACS Style

Castillo-Paredes, A.; Inostroza Jiménez, N.; Parra-Saldías, M.; Palma-Leal, X.; Felipe, J.L.; Págola Aldazabal, I.; Díaz-Martínez, X.; Rodríguez-Rodríguez, F. Environmental and Psychosocial Barriers Affect the Active Commuting to University in Chilean Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1818. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041818

AMA Style

Castillo-Paredes A, Inostroza Jiménez N, Parra-Saldías M, Palma-Leal X, Felipe JL, Págola Aldazabal I, Díaz-Martínez X, Rodríguez-Rodríguez F. Environmental and Psychosocial Barriers Affect the Active Commuting to University in Chilean Students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):1818. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041818

Chicago/Turabian Style

Castillo-Paredes, Antonio, Natalia Inostroza Jiménez, Maribel Parra-Saldías, Ximena Palma-Leal, José L. Felipe, Itziar Págola Aldazabal, Ximena Díaz-Martínez, and Fernando Rodríguez-Rodríguez. 2021. "Environmental and Psychosocial Barriers Affect the Active Commuting to University in Chilean Students" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 4: 1818. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041818

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