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Open AccessArticle

Urban Retail Food Environments: Relative Availability and Prominence of Exhibition of Healthy vs. Unhealthy Foods at Supermarkets in Buenos Aires, Argentina

1
Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy (IECS), Department of Research on Chronic Diseases, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires C1414CPV, Argentina
2
National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET), Center for Research on Epidemiology and Public Health (CIESP-IECS), Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires C1414CPV, Argentina
3
Escuela de Nutrición, Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA), Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires C1121ABG, Argentina
4
Departamento de Salud, Universidad Nacional de La Matanza (UNLaM), San Justo B1754JEC, Argentina
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Vivica Kraak and Manuel Franco
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(3), 944; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030944
Received: 25 November 2020 / Revised: 19 January 2021 / Accepted: 21 January 2021 / Published: 22 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Food Systems, Food Environment, Diet and Nutrition Related Diseases)
There is growing evidence that the food environment can influence diets. The present study aimed to assess the relative availability and prominence of healthy foods (HF) versus unhealthy products (UP) in supermarkets in Buenos Aires, Argentina and to explore differences by retail characteristics and neighborhood income level. We conducted store audits in 32 randomly selected food retails. Food availability (presence/absence, ratio of cumulative linear shelf length for HF vs. UP) and prominence inside the store (location visibility) were measured based on the International Network for Food and Obesity/NCDs Research, Monitoring and Action Support (INFORMAS) protocol. On average, for every 1 m of shelf length for UP, there was about 25 cm of shelf length for HF (HF/UP ratio: 0.255, SD 0.130). UP were more frequently available in high-prominence store areas (31/32 retails) than HF (9/32 retails). Shelf length ratio differed across commercial chains (p = 0.0268), but not by store size or type. Retails in the lower-income neighborhoods had a lower HF/UP ratio than those in the higher-income neighborhoods (p = 0.0329). Availability of the selected HF was overcome largely by the UP, particularly in high prominence areas, and in neighborhoods with lower income level, which may pose an opportunity for public health interventions. View Full-Text
Keywords: healthy food retail; retail food environment; supermarket; food availability; Buenos Aires; INFORMAS; socio-economic factors healthy food retail; retail food environment; supermarket; food availability; Buenos Aires; INFORMAS; socio-economic factors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Elorriaga, N.; Moyano, D.L.; López, M.V.; Cavallo, A.S.; Gutierrez, L.; Panaggio, C.B.; Irazola, V. Urban Retail Food Environments: Relative Availability and Prominence of Exhibition of Healthy vs. Unhealthy Foods at Supermarkets in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 944. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030944

AMA Style

Elorriaga N, Moyano DL, López MV, Cavallo AS, Gutierrez L, Panaggio CB, Irazola V. Urban Retail Food Environments: Relative Availability and Prominence of Exhibition of Healthy vs. Unhealthy Foods at Supermarkets in Buenos Aires, Argentina. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(3):944. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030944

Chicago/Turabian Style

Elorriaga, Natalia; Moyano, Daniela L.; López, María V.; Cavallo, Ana S.; Gutierrez, Laura; Panaggio, Camila B.; Irazola, Vilma. 2021. "Urban Retail Food Environments: Relative Availability and Prominence of Exhibition of Healthy vs. Unhealthy Foods at Supermarkets in Buenos Aires, Argentina" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 18, no. 3: 944. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18030944

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