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Article

How Are We Managing Patients with Hyperuricemia and Gout: A Cross Sectional Study Assessing Knowledge and Attitudes of Primary Care Physicians?

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Department of Family Medicine, University of Split School of Medicine, 21000 Split, Croatia
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Department of Family Medicine, Split-Dalmatia County Health Center, 21000 Split, Croatia
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Department of Pharmacy, University of Split School of Medicine, 21000 Split, Croatia
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Department of Pathophysiology, University of Split School of Medicine, 21000 Split, Croatia
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Department of Internal Medicine, University of Split School of Medicine, 21000 Split, Croatia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(3), 1234; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031234
Received: 1 January 2021 / Revised: 22 January 2021 / Accepted: 26 January 2021 / Published: 30 January 2021
Background: Studies show that hyperuricemia is an element of the pathophysiology of many conditions. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess primary care physicians’ knowledge and attitudes toward asymptomatic hyperuricemia and gout management. Methods: A survey-based cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the primary physicians’ attitudes, knowledge, and patient management regarding hyperuricemia and gout. Results: A total of 336 primary care physicians were included. Physicians who read at least one scientific paper covering the topic of hyperuricemia in the past year scored significantly higher in knowledge questions (N = 152, 6.5 ± 2.05 vs. N = 183, 7.04 ± 2.14, p = 0.019). Only around half of physicians correctly identified drugs that can lower or elevate serum uric acid levels. Furthermore, the analysis of correct answers to specific questions showed poor understanding of the pathophysiology of hyperuricemia and possible risk factors. Conclusions: This study identified gaps in primary care physicians’ knowledge essential for the adequate management of patients with asymptomatic hyperuricemia and gout. As hyperuricemia and gout are among the fastest rising non-communicable diseases, greater awareness of the available guidelines and more education about the causes and risks of hyperuricemia among primary care physicians may reduce the development of diseases that have hyperuricemia as risk factors. View Full-Text
Keywords: gout; primary care physicians; knowledge; survey gout; primary care physicians; knowledge; survey
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zuzic Furlan, S.; Rusic, D.; Bozic, J.; Rumboldt, M.; Rumboldt, Z.; Rada, M.; Tomicic, M. How Are We Managing Patients with Hyperuricemia and Gout: A Cross Sectional Study Assessing Knowledge and Attitudes of Primary Care Physicians? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1234. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031234

AMA Style

Zuzic Furlan S, Rusic D, Bozic J, Rumboldt M, Rumboldt Z, Rada M, Tomicic M. How Are We Managing Patients with Hyperuricemia and Gout: A Cross Sectional Study Assessing Knowledge and Attitudes of Primary Care Physicians? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(3):1234. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031234

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zuzic Furlan, Sanja, Doris Rusic, Josko Bozic, Mirjana Rumboldt, Zvonko Rumboldt, Marko Rada, and Marion Tomicic. 2021. "How Are We Managing Patients with Hyperuricemia and Gout: A Cross Sectional Study Assessing Knowledge and Attitudes of Primary Care Physicians?" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 3: 1234. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031234

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