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Review

Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Adolescents’ Sexual and Reproductive Health in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

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Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 1C9, Canada
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College of Nursing, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK S7N 5E5, Canada
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Women’s & Gender Studies, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 1C9, Canada
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Division of Nursing and Midwifery, Health Sciences School, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2LA, UK
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Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte 30130-100, MG, Brazil
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Department of Mental Health Nursing, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra P.O. Box LG 43, Ghana
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School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra P.O. Box LG 43, Ghana
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College of Humanities, Regional Institute for Population Studies (RIPS), University of Ghana, Legon, Accra P.O. Box LG 43, Ghana
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Robinson Research Institute, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: David L. Rowland
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(24), 13221; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182413221
Received: 27 October 2021 / Revised: 3 December 2021 / Accepted: 10 December 2021 / Published: 15 December 2021
Adolescents living in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are struggling with accessing sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services, and COVID-19 has escalated the problem. The purpose of this review was to identify and assess the existing literature on the impact of the pandemic on SRH needs and access to services by adolescents in LMICs. A scoping review was conducted to collate findings on the topic. Searches were performed on eight databases. Data were extracted and categorized into various themes. After removing duplicates and performing a full-text reading of all articles, nine articles were included in our review. Our findings generated several themes related to adolescents’ sexual and reproductive health during the COVID-19 pandemic. These include (1) limited access to sexual and reproductive health services, (2) school closure and increased rate of early marriages, (3) sexual or intimate partner violence during COVID-19, (4) disruption in maternity care, (5) adolescents’ involvement in risky or exploitative work, (6) intervention to improve sexual and reproductive health services during COVID-19, and (7) policy development related to adolescent sexual and reproductive health. Several recommendations were made on policies—for instance, the use of telemedicine and community-based programs as a way to deliver SRH services to adolescents during and after a pandemic. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; adolescents; sexual health; reproductive health; health services; access; interventions; low- and middle-income countries COVID-19; adolescents; sexual health; reproductive health; health services; access; interventions; low- and middle-income countries
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MDPI and ACS Style

Meherali, S.; Adewale, B.; Ali, S.; Kennedy, M.; Salami, B.; Richter, S.; Okeke-Ihejirika, P.E.; Ali, P.; da Silva, K.L.; Adjorlolo, S.; Aziato, L.; Kwankye, S.O.; Lassi, Z. Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Adolescents’ Sexual and Reproductive Health in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 13221. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182413221

AMA Style

Meherali S, Adewale B, Ali S, Kennedy M, Salami B, Richter S, Okeke-Ihejirika PE, Ali P, da Silva KL, Adjorlolo S, Aziato L, Kwankye SO, Lassi Z. Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Adolescents’ Sexual and Reproductive Health in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(24):13221. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182413221

Chicago/Turabian Style

Meherali, Salima, Bisi Adewale, Sonam Ali, Megan Kennedy, Bukola Salami, Solina Richter, Phil E. Okeke-Ihejirika, Parveen Ali, Kênia L. da Silva, Samuel Adjorlolo, Lydia Aziato, Stephen O. Kwankye, and Zohra Lassi. 2021. "Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Adolescents’ Sexual and Reproductive Health in Low- and Middle-Income Countries" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 24: 13221. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182413221

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