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Article

Association of Oral Health with Multimorbidity among Older Adults: Findings from the Longitudinal Ageing Study in India, Wave-1, 2017–2019

1
Division of Public Health, ICMR-Regional Medical Research Centre, Department of Health Research, Bhubaneswar 751023, India
2
Health Technology Assessment in India (HTAiN), ICMR-Regional Medical Research Centre, Department of Health Research, Bhubaneswar 751023, India
3
Usher Institute, College of Medicine and Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh EH16 4TJ, UK
4
The Nossal Institute for Global Health, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC 3010, Australia
5
Public Health Policy Evaluation Unit, Department of Primary Care and Public Health, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Authors with equal contribution.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(23), 12853; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312853
Received: 22 October 2021 / Revised: 2 December 2021 / Accepted: 3 December 2021 / Published: 6 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Universal Health Coverage for Multimorbidity)
India is witnessing an increase in the prevalence of multimorbidity. Oral health is related to overall health but is seldom included in the assessment of multimorbidity. Hence, this study aimed to estimate the prevalence of oral morbidity and explore its association with physical multimorbidity using data from Longitudinal Ageing Study in India (LASI). LASI is a nationwide survey amongst adults aged ≥ 45 years conducted in 2018. Descriptive analysis was performed on included participants (n = 59,764) to determine the prevalence of oral morbidity. Multivariable logistic regression assessed the association between oral morbidity and physical multimorbidity. Self-rated health was compared between multimorbid participants with and without oral morbidity. Oral morbidity was prevalent in 48.56% of participants and physical multimorbidity in 50.36%. Those with multimorbidity were at a higher risk of having any oral morbidity (AOR: 1.60 (1.48–1.73)) than those without multimorbidity. Participants who had only oral morbidity rated their health to be good more often than those who had physical multimorbidity and oral morbidity (40.84% vs. 32.98%). Oral morbidity is significantly associated with physical multimorbidity. Multimorbid participants perceived their health to be inferior to those with only oral morbidity. The findings suggest multidisciplinary health teams in primary care should include the management of oral morbidity and physical multimorbidity. View Full-Text
Keywords: ageing; India; multimorbidity; oral health; LASI Wave-1 ageing; India; multimorbidity; oral health; LASI Wave-1
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kanungo, S.; Ghosal, S.; Kerketta, S.; Sinha, A.; Mercer, S.W.; Lee, J.T.; Pati, S. Association of Oral Health with Multimorbidity among Older Adults: Findings from the Longitudinal Ageing Study in India, Wave-1, 2017–2019. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 12853. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312853

AMA Style

Kanungo S, Ghosal S, Kerketta S, Sinha A, Mercer SW, Lee JT, Pati S. Association of Oral Health with Multimorbidity among Older Adults: Findings from the Longitudinal Ageing Study in India, Wave-1, 2017–2019. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(23):12853. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312853

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kanungo, Srikanta, Shishirendu Ghosal, Sushmita Kerketta, Abhinav Sinha, Stewart W Mercer, John Tayu Lee, and Sanghamitra Pati. 2021. "Association of Oral Health with Multimorbidity among Older Adults: Findings from the Longitudinal Ageing Study in India, Wave-1, 2017–2019" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 23: 12853. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312853

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