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Article

Concentrations of Salivary Cortisol in Victims of Intimate Partner Violence According to the CIRCORT Database

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Department of Psychology, Campus Universitario, University of Extremadura, 06006 Badajoz, Spain
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Faculty of Psychology Pontifical, University of Salamanca (UPSA), 37002 Salamanca, Spain
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Faculty of Science, Campus Universitario, University of Extremadura (UEX), 06006 Badajoz, Spain
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Faculty of Psychology, Campus Ciudad Jardín, University of Salamanca (USAL), 37005 Salamanca, Spain
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Department of Psychology, Biology Division, Stockholm University, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Isabel Cuadrado-Gordillo, Inmaculada Fernández-Antelo and Gonzalo del Moral Arroyo
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(20), 10819; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010819
Received: 27 July 2021 / Revised: 30 September 2021 / Accepted: 8 October 2021 / Published: 14 October 2021
This work analyzes the different levels of salivary cortisol in women from the southwest of Spain that were victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) with respect to a control group, assessing for the first time the different concentrations obtained in relation to a worldwide reference standard provided by the CIRCORT meta-global cortisol database. The clinical sample (N = 24) and the control group (N = 25) had an average of 39.12 years (SD = 12.31) and 39.52 years (SD = 11.74), respectively. Cortisol awakening response (CAR) was determined by defining the area under the curve (AUCi). There were no differences between the CAR data of the two populations F (1, 141) = 1.690, p = 0.196, but there was a highly significant difference in the three sampling days, where the clinical sample exceeded the cortisol levels of the CIRCORT database in the evening as compared to the control group (p = 0.004, p = 0.001 and p = 0.000). Salivary cortisol concentration samples taken in the evening were significantly higher than those standardized in the CIRCORT database, from the women victims of IPV as compared to the control group, showing its usefulness as an effective supportive tool for problems such as those triggered by IPV. View Full-Text
Keywords: woman; cortisol saliva; intimate partner violence; cross-sectional survey woman; cortisol saliva; intimate partner violence; cross-sectional survey
MDPI and ACS Style

Mata-Gil, S.; Sánchez-Cabaco, A.; Del Moral-Martínez, J.; Seisdedos-Benito, A.; Lundberg, U. Concentrations of Salivary Cortisol in Victims of Intimate Partner Violence According to the CIRCORT Database. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 10819. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010819

AMA Style

Mata-Gil S, Sánchez-Cabaco A, Del Moral-Martínez J, Seisdedos-Benito A, Lundberg U. Concentrations of Salivary Cortisol in Victims of Intimate Partner Violence According to the CIRCORT Database. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(20):10819. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010819

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mata-Gil, Sarai, Antonio Sánchez-Cabaco, Jerónimo Del Moral-Martínez, Antonio Seisdedos-Benito, and Ulf Lundberg. 2021. "Concentrations of Salivary Cortisol in Victims of Intimate Partner Violence According to the CIRCORT Database" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 20: 10819. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010819

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