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Article

Physical Activity and Its Determinants among Senior Residents of Podlasie, a Green Region of Poland, Based on the National PolSenior Study

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Department of Tourism and Recreation, University of Life Sciences, Akademicka Street 15, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
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Department of Socio Economic Activity, Institute of Socio-Economic Activity, 01-802 Warsaw, Poland
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Department of Food Chemistry, Nicolaus Copernicus University Collegium Medicum, 85-626 Bydgoszcz, Poland
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Department of Geriatrics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Nicolaus Copernicus University of Toruń, 85-626 Toruń, Poland
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Department of Geriatrics, Faculty of Health Sciences, L. Rydgier Collegium Medicum, 85-626 Bydgoszcz, Poland
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Faculty of Health Sciences, Mazovian Public College, 09-402 Płock, Poland
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Department of Movement Teaching, Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, 00-968 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Martina Amanzio, Giuseppina Elena Cipriani and Massimo Bartoli
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(20), 10816; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010816
Received: 11 August 2021 / Revised: 4 October 2021 / Accepted: 8 October 2021 / Published: 14 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Active and Healthy Ageing)
Physical activity is essential at all stages of life, and particularly so in the later years. The main objectives of the present work was to evaluate the physical activity of seniors, aged 65 years and older, living in the area of the Podlaskie voivodeship (Podlasie), Poland, based on the results of the nationwide PolSenior project, and to formulate recommendations for health policies implemented by both national and local government units. The study was performed as part of the national PolSenior project, whose aim was to evaluate various aspects of aging in Poland. The physical activity of a group of 186 randomly-selected people aged 65 years and above, 94 men and 92 women, was evaluated by questionnaire. The analysis included participants who took part in physical activity at least several times a week. Although all participants reported a decline in physical activity with age, the men remained physically active for longer. Among the respondents, 68.3% of women and 62.7% of men took short walks around the house as the main form of exercise, with working on the allotment or garden being another frequent activity; however, this was more common among men (53.9%) than women (34.7%). In addition, men were nearly twice as likely to take part in cycling (31.5%) than women (13.1%). The greatest motivation for physical activity given by the respondents was health, as noted by 73.8% of the men and 77.7% of the women. The physical activity of seniors in Podlasie is unsatisfactory and does not fulfil the WHO recommendations regarding the prophylaxis and prevention of chronic illness. This level does not, however, significantly differ from that reported in the nationwide PolSenior study or in other European countries in the Eurobarometer study. The decline in physical activity with age highlights the need for its greater promotion among seniors by local authorities. Such initiatives will help maintain the physical fitness and independence of this age group and contribute to a greater quality of life. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; older people; aging; healthy aging physical activity; older people; aging; healthy aging
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rowiński, R.; Kowalska, G.; Kozakiewicz, M.; Kędziora-Kornatowska, K.; Kornatowski, M.; Hawlena, J.; Rowińska, K. Physical Activity and Its Determinants among Senior Residents of Podlasie, a Green Region of Poland, Based on the National PolSenior Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 10816. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010816

AMA Style

Rowiński R, Kowalska G, Kozakiewicz M, Kędziora-Kornatowska K, Kornatowski M, Hawlena J, Rowińska K. Physical Activity and Its Determinants among Senior Residents of Podlasie, a Green Region of Poland, Based on the National PolSenior Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(20):10816. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010816

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rowiński, Rafał, Grażyna Kowalska, Mariusz Kozakiewicz, Kornelia Kędziora-Kornatowska, Maciej Kornatowski, Joanna Hawlena, and Karolina Rowińska. 2021. "Physical Activity and Its Determinants among Senior Residents of Podlasie, a Green Region of Poland, Based on the National PolSenior Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 20: 10816. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010816

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