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Article

Factors Associated with Intention of Serbian Public Health Workers to Leave the Job: A Cross-Sectional, Population-Based Study

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Department for Analysis, Planning and Organization of Health Care, City Institute of Public Health Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
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Centre–School of Public Health and Health Management, Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
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Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Social Medicine, University of Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
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Faculty of Dentistry Pancevo, University Business Academy in Novi Sad, 26000 Pancevo, Serbia
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Institute of Public Health of Serbia “Dr Milan Jovanović Batut”, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
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Department of Social Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Legislation, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
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Faculty of Medicine, University of Novi Sad, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
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Institute of Public Health of Vojvodina, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
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Faculty of Medicine, Institute of Medical Statistics and Informatics, University of Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
K.T. and M.Š.-M. contributed equally and are first authors.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(20), 10652; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010652
Received: 26 July 2021 / Revised: 6 October 2021 / Accepted: 7 October 2021 / Published: 11 October 2021
Recruitment and retention of public health workers (PHWs) is crucial for the optimal functioning of the public health system at a time of budget cuts and the threat of a pandemic. Individual and job-related variables were examined by univariate and multivariate logistic regression to identify predictors of the intention to leave a job during the COVID-19 outbreak among Serbian PHWs in 25 institutes of public health (n = 1663 respondents, of which 73.1% were female). A total of 20.3% of PHWs intended to leave their current job within the next five years. Males and persons aged younger than 55 years who had additional practice were more likely to report an intention to leave their job than females, those older than 54 years and those without additional work. While uncertainty and fear of infection during the COVID-19 pandemic were almost perceived as job attractiveness, other job-related characteristics were identified as significant barriers to maintaining the sufficient capacity of qualified PHWs in the future. Authorities need to address these factors, including the following: the feeling of tension, stress or pressure, and unavailability of information during the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as dissatisfaction with respect, valuation, and the job in general. View Full-Text
Keywords: public health workforce; intention to leave job; retention; public health institutes public health workforce; intention to leave job; retention; public health institutes
MDPI and ACS Style

Tripković, K.; Šantrić-Milićević, M.; Vasić, M.; Živković-Šulović, M.; Odalović, M.; Mijatović-Jovanović, V.; Bukumirić, Z. Factors Associated with Intention of Serbian Public Health Workers to Leave the Job: A Cross-Sectional, Population-Based Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 10652. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010652

AMA Style

Tripković K, Šantrić-Milićević M, Vasić M, Živković-Šulović M, Odalović M, Mijatović-Jovanović V, Bukumirić Z. Factors Associated with Intention of Serbian Public Health Workers to Leave the Job: A Cross-Sectional, Population-Based Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(20):10652. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010652

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tripković, Katica, Milena Šantrić-Milićević, Milena Vasić, Mirjana Živković-Šulović, Marina Odalović, Vesna Mijatović-Jovanović, and Zoran Bukumirić. 2021. "Factors Associated with Intention of Serbian Public Health Workers to Leave the Job: A Cross-Sectional, Population-Based Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 20: 10652. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182010652

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