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Article

Effects of Noise and Vibration Due to the Hokuriku Shinkansen Railway on the Living Environment: A Socio-Acoustic Survey One Year after the Opening

1
Department of Architecture, National Institute of Technology, Ishikawa College, Ishikawa 929-0392, Japan
2
Kanagawa Environmental Research Center, Kanagawa 254-0014, Japan
3
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Saitama University, Saitama 338-8570, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(15), 7794; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157794
Received: 11 June 2021 / Revised: 20 July 2021 / Accepted: 20 July 2021 / Published: 22 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Noise and Annoyance)
One year after the opening of the Hokuriku Shinkansen (high-speed) railway, in 2016, we conducted a social survey targeting the residents of detached houses along the rail. Noise and vibration exposure levels were estimated at outdoor points closest to the noise source side of the houses. Of the 1980 people contacted, there were 1022 valid respondents. The purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship between noise and vibration exposure and community responses. The results demonstrated that the noise annoyance and daily activity disturbances of residents living in areas without a conventional railway are higher than those of residents living in areas running parallel to a conventional railway line. This tendency was remarkable, especially for areas with high vibration exposure caused by the Shinkansen railway. There was no difference between before and after the opening of the Shinkansen railway in the evaluation of housing satisfaction, or regarding the preference for the residential area and quietness around the house. However, since the survey before the opening was conducted only in the Ishikawa site, it will be necessary to conduct before-and-after surveys in areas where there are no conventional railways, and where the speed of the Shinkansen is fast. View Full-Text
Keywords: high-speed train; noise; ground vibration; social survey; annoyance; exposure–response relationship; logistic regression analysis high-speed train; noise; ground vibration; social survey; annoyance; exposure–response relationship; logistic regression analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Morihara, T.; Yokoshima, S.; Matsumoto, Y. Effects of Noise and Vibration Due to the Hokuriku Shinkansen Railway on the Living Environment: A Socio-Acoustic Survey One Year after the Opening. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7794. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157794

AMA Style

Morihara T, Yokoshima S, Matsumoto Y. Effects of Noise and Vibration Due to the Hokuriku Shinkansen Railway on the Living Environment: A Socio-Acoustic Survey One Year after the Opening. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(15):7794. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157794

Chicago/Turabian Style

Morihara, Takashi, Shigenori Yokoshima, and Yasunao Matsumoto. 2021. "Effects of Noise and Vibration Due to the Hokuriku Shinkansen Railway on the Living Environment: A Socio-Acoustic Survey One Year after the Opening" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 15: 7794. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157794

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