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Review

Aircraft Noise Distribution as a Fairness Dilemma—A Review of Aircraft Noise through the Lens of Social Justice Research

1
German Aerospace Center, Institute of Aerospace Medicine, Sleep and Human Factors Research, Linder Höhe, 51147 Cologne, Germany
2
Work and Engineering Psychology Research Group (Forschungsgruppe Arbeits- und Ingenieurpsychologie), Department of Human Sciences, Darmstadt University of Technology, Alexanderstr. 10, 64283 Darmstadt, Germany
3
ZEUS GmbH, Zentrum für Angewandte Psychologie, Umwelt- und Sozialforschung, Sennbrink 46, 58093 Hagen, Germany
4
Institute for Communication Science, Friedrich-Schiller University Jena, Ernst-Abbe Platz 8, 07743 Jena, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(14), 7399; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147399
Received: 28 May 2021 / Revised: 6 July 2021 / Accepted: 8 July 2021 / Published: 11 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmental Noise and Annoyance)
Aircraft noise exposure is a health risk and there is evidence that noise annoyance partly mediates the association between noise exposure and stress-related health risks. Thus, approaches to reduce annoyance may be beneficial for health. Annoyance is influenced by manifold non-acoustic factors and perceiving a fair and trustful relationship between the airport and its residents may be one of them. The distribution of aircraft noise exposure can be regarded as a fairness dilemma: while residents living near an airport may seem to have some advantages, the majority of residents living under certain flight routes or in their immediate proximity suffer from the disadvantages of the airport, especially the noise. Moreover, a dilemma exists between the airport’s beneficial economic impact for a region and the physical and psychological integrity of residents. Aircraft noise exposure through the lens of social justice research can help to improve our understanding of noise annoyance. Research indicates that the fairness perceptions of the parties involved can be enhanced by (a) improving individual cost–benefit ratios, (b) providing a fair procedure for deciding upon the noise distribution, and (c) implementing fair social interaction with residents. Based on the review of evidence from social justice research, we derive recommendations on how fairness aspects can be integrated into aircraft noise management with the purpose of improving the relationship between the airport and its residents, to reduce annoyance, and to enhance the acceptance of local aviation and the airport as a neighbor. View Full-Text
Keywords: fairness; justice; procedural; distributional; informational; interpersonal; aircraft noise; aviation; annoyance fairness; justice; procedural; distributional; informational; interpersonal; aircraft noise; aviation; annoyance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hauptvogel, D.; Bartels, S.; Schreckenberg, D.; Rothmund, T. Aircraft Noise Distribution as a Fairness Dilemma—A Review of Aircraft Noise through the Lens of Social Justice Research. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7399. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147399

AMA Style

Hauptvogel D, Bartels S, Schreckenberg D, Rothmund T. Aircraft Noise Distribution as a Fairness Dilemma—A Review of Aircraft Noise through the Lens of Social Justice Research. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(14):7399. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147399

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hauptvogel, Dominik, Susanne Bartels, Dirk Schreckenberg, and Tobias Rothmund. 2021. "Aircraft Noise Distribution as a Fairness Dilemma—A Review of Aircraft Noise through the Lens of Social Justice Research" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 14: 7399. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147399

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