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Communication

Factors Associated with Intention to Receive Vaccination against COVID-19 in Puerto Rico: An Online Survey of Adults

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Department of Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmacy, University of Puerto Rico Medical Sciences Campus, San Juan, PR 00931, USA
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Department of Prevention and Community Health, Milken Institute School of Public Health, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052, USA
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Department of Psychology, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI 53233, USA
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Department of Communication, School of Communication and Information, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08901, USA
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College for Public Health and Social Justice, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, MO 63104, USA
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Center for Evaluation and Sociomedical Research, Graduate School of Public Health, Medical Sciences Campus, San Juan, PR P.O. Box 35607, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Zahid Ahmad Butt
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(15), 7743; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157743
Received: 8 June 2021 / Revised: 2 July 2021 / Accepted: 12 July 2021 / Published: 21 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vaccine Hesitancy and COVID-19)
We conducted an online survey among adults in Puerto Rico to identify factors associated with the intention to receive vaccination against COVID-19. Sociodemographic variables were analyzed independently for association with intent to receive vaccination. Significant associations were included in the multivariate logistic regression analysis. A total of 1016 responses were available for analysis. In the bivariate analysis, younger age, higher education, pre-COVID-19 employment, male sex, gay/bisexual identity, and single marital status were associated with increased intent to receive the vaccination. In the multivariate logistic regression, younger, male respondents, and those with higher educational attainment reported higher intent to receive the vaccination. Lower-income and living outside the San Juan metro region were associated with lower intent to receive the vaccination. National and international health organizations were identified as the most reliable sources of information, followed by healthcare professionals. These findings highlight the importance of considering sociodemographic characteristics and using trusted sources of information when designing COVID-19 vaccination public messaging. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; vaccine; immunization COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; vaccine; immunization
MDPI and ACS Style

Melin, K.; Zhang, C.; Zapata, J.P.; Rivera, Y.M.; Fernandez, K.; Shacham, E.; Malavé-Rivera, S.M.; Rodriguez-Diaz, C.E. Factors Associated with Intention to Receive Vaccination against COVID-19 in Puerto Rico: An Online Survey of Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7743. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157743

AMA Style

Melin K, Zhang C, Zapata JP, Rivera YM, Fernandez K, Shacham E, Malavé-Rivera SM, Rodriguez-Diaz CE. Factors Associated with Intention to Receive Vaccination against COVID-19 in Puerto Rico: An Online Survey of Adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(15):7743. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157743

Chicago/Turabian Style

Melin, Kyle, Cheyu Zhang, Juan P. Zapata, Yonaira M. Rivera, Katie Fernandez, Enbal Shacham, Souhail M. Malavé-Rivera, and Carlos E. Rodriguez-Diaz 2021. "Factors Associated with Intention to Receive Vaccination against COVID-19 in Puerto Rico: An Online Survey of Adults" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 15: 7743. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157743

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