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Article

Cariogenic Risk and COVID-19 Lockdown in a Paediatric Population

1
Pediatric Dentistry, Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Rome Tor Vergata, 00133 Rome, Italy
2
Section of Clinical Nutrition and Nutrigenomics, Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Via Montpellier 1, 00133 Rome, Italy
3
Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Via Montpellier 1, 00133 Rome, Italy
4
Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, School of Specialization in Food Sciences, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Via Montpellier 1, 00133 Rome, Italy
5
Predictive and Preventive Medicine Research Unit, Bambino Gesù Children Hospital IRCCS, 00165 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Equal contribution.
Academic Editor: Iole Vozza
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(14), 7558; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147558
Received: 11 June 2021 / Revised: 9 July 2021 / Accepted: 12 July 2021 / Published: 15 July 2021
The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 disease COVID-19 pandemic caused several lifestyle changes, especially among younger people. The study aimed to describe the impact of eating habits, lifestyle, and home oral hygiene during the COVID-19 pandemic, on the cariogenic risk in the Italian paediatric population, by using an online survey. The survey was conducted through a virtual questionnaire divided into four parts: child personal and anthropometric data; oral health; child dietary habits (KIDMED test); and child lifestyle, before and during COVID-19 lockdown. During the lockdown, only 18.6% of the participants had high adherence to a Mediterranean diet, recording an increase in sweets consumption and the number of meals (p < 0.001). In terms of lifestyle, the percentage of moderately and vigorously active children decreased (41.4% and 5.0%, respectively) (p = 0.014). The percentage of children sleeping more than 9 h increased (p < 0.001). They watched more television programs (p < 0.001). Regarding oral hygiene, children did not change their brushing habits (p = 0.225). The percentage of children using non-fluoridated toothpaste was higher (6.4%), and no changes were observed (p > 0.05). In some cases, dental pain and abscesses were declared (10% and 2.7%, respectively). This study confirms the need for campaigns to promote hygiene and dental care in combination with food education for a correct habit and promotion of a healthy and sustainable dietary style. View Full-Text
Keywords: dental caries; eating habits; lifestyle; COVID-19 pandemic dental caries; eating habits; lifestyle; COVID-19 pandemic
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MDPI and ACS Style

Docimo, R.; Costacurta, M.; Gualtieri, P.; Pujia, A.; Leggeri, C.; Attinà, A.; Cinelli, G.; Giannattasio, S.; Rampello, T.; Di Renzo, L. Cariogenic Risk and COVID-19 Lockdown in a Paediatric Population. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7558. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147558

AMA Style

Docimo R, Costacurta M, Gualtieri P, Pujia A, Leggeri C, Attinà A, Cinelli G, Giannattasio S, Rampello T, Di Renzo L. Cariogenic Risk and COVID-19 Lockdown in a Paediatric Population. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(14):7558. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147558

Chicago/Turabian Style

Docimo, Raffaella, Micaela Costacurta, Paola Gualtieri, Alberto Pujia, Claudia Leggeri, Alda Attinà, Giulia Cinelli, Silvia Giannattasio, Tiziana Rampello, and Laura Di Renzo. 2021. "Cariogenic Risk and COVID-19 Lockdown in a Paediatric Population" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 14: 7558. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18147558

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