Next Article in Journal
Anthropometric Status, Diet, and Dental Caries among Schoolchildren
Previous Article in Journal
How Do Failed Entrepreneurs Cope with Their Prior Failure When They Seek Subsequent Re-Entry into Serial Entrepreneurship? Failed Entrepreneurs’ Optimism and Defensive Pessimism and Coping Humor as a Moderator
Article

Predictors of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms in Brazil during COVID-19

1
Faculty of Professions, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia
2
School of Business Administration, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, Chengdu 611130, China
3
Research Center for Competitive Dynamics and Innovation Strategy, School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
4
Department of Psychology, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto 14040-901, Brazil
5
Department of Speech and Language Pathology, Federal University of Sergipe (UFS), Lagarto 49100-000, Brazil
6
Psychology Graduate Program, Federal University of Juiz de Fora (UFJF), Juiz de Fora 36036-900, Brazil
7
Unit of Psychobiology, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto 14040-901, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(13), 7026; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18137026
Received: 21 May 2021 / Revised: 21 June 2021 / Accepted: 22 June 2021 / Published: 30 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Mental Health)
The COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil is extremely severe, and Brazil has the third-highest number of cases in the world. The goal of the study is to identify the prevalence rates and several predictors of depression and anxiety in Brazil during the initial outbreak of COVID-19. We surveyed 482 adults in 23 Brazilian states online on 9–22 May 2020, and found that 70.3% of the adults (n = 339) had depressive symptoms and 67.2% (n = 320) had anxiety symptoms. The results of multi-class logistic regression models revealed that females, younger adults, and those with fewer children had a higher likelihood of depression and anxiety symptoms; adults who worked as employees were more likely to have anxiety symptoms than those who were self-employed or unemployed; adults who spent more time browsing COVID-19 information online were more likely to have depression and anxiety symptoms. Our results provide preliminary evidence and early warning for psychiatrists and healthcare organizations to better identify and focus on the more vulnerable sub-populations in Brazil during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; Brazil; anxiety; depression; predictors; risk factors COVID-19; Brazil; anxiety; depression; predictors; risk factors
MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, S.X.; Huang, H.; Li, J.; Antonelli-Ponti, M.; Paiva, S.F.d.; da Silva, J.A. Predictors of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms in Brazil during COVID-19. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7026. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18137026

AMA Style

Zhang SX, Huang H, Li J, Antonelli-Ponti M, Paiva SFd, da Silva JA. Predictors of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms in Brazil during COVID-19. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(13):7026. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18137026

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Stephen X., Hao Huang, Jizhen Li, Mayra Antonelli-Ponti, Scheila F.d. Paiva, and José A. da Silva. 2021. "Predictors of Depression and Anxiety Symptoms in Brazil during COVID-19" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 13: 7026. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18137026

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop