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Article

Childhood Trauma and Psychological Distress: A Serial Mediation Model among Chinese Adolescents

by 1,2,3, 4, 1,2,3,5,*, 6, 7, 1,2,3 and 5
1
Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behavior, Ministry of Education, Wuhan 430056, China
2
Key Laboratory of Human Development and Mental Health of Hubei Province, School of Psychology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430056, China
3
School of Psychology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430056, China
4
Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Ulm, Medical Psychology, Frauensteige 6, 89075 Ulm, Germany
5
Department of Education, Jianghan University, Wuhan 430056, China
6
Putian Huaqiao High School, Putian 351115, China
7
Lie Dong Middle School, Sanming 365000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(13), 6808; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136808
Received: 24 May 2021 / Revised: 21 June 2021 / Accepted: 23 June 2021 / Published: 24 June 2021
The consequence of childhood trauma may last for a long time. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of childhood trauma on general distress among Chinese adolescents and explore the potential mediating roles of social support and family functioning in the childhood trauma-general distress linkage. A total of 2139 valid questionnaires were collected from two high schools in southeast China. Participants were asked to complete the questionnaires measuring childhood trauma, social support, family functioning, and general distress. Pathway analysis was conducted by using SPSS AMOS 24.0 and PROCESS Macro for SPSS 3.5. Results showed that childhood trauma was positively associated with general distress among Chinese adolescents. Social support and family functioning independently and serially mediated the linkage of childhood trauma and general distress. These findings confirmed and complemented the ecological system theory of human development and the multisystem developmental framework for resilience. Furthermore, these findings indicated that the mental and emotional problems of adolescents who had childhood trauma were not merely issues of adolescents themselves, but concerns of the whole system and environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: childhood trauma; psychological distress; social support; family functioning; serial mediation; adolescent childhood trauma; psychological distress; social support; family functioning; serial mediation; adolescent
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, L.; Ma, X.; Yu, X.; Ye, M.; Li, N.; Lu, S.; Wang, J. Childhood Trauma and Psychological Distress: A Serial Mediation Model among Chinese Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6808. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136808

AMA Style

Zhang L, Ma X, Yu X, Ye M, Li N, Lu S, Wang J. Childhood Trauma and Psychological Distress: A Serial Mediation Model among Chinese Adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(13):6808. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136808

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Lin, Xueyao Ma, Xianglian Yu, Meizhu Ye, Na Li, Shan Lu, and Jiayi Wang. 2021. "Childhood Trauma and Psychological Distress: A Serial Mediation Model among Chinese Adolescents" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 13: 6808. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136808

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