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Clinical and Therapeutic Characteristics of Cancer Patients in the Southern Region of Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Study

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Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, Najran University, Najran 66262, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Applied Pharmaceutical Sciences and Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Isra University, Amman 11622, Jordan
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Pharmaceutical Services Department, Asir Central Hospital, Abha 62529, Saudi Arabia
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Oncology Department, Asir Central Hospital, Abha 62529, Saudi Arabia
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College of Pharmacy, King Khalid University, Abha 62529, Saudi Arabia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6654; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126654
Received: 16 April 2021 / Revised: 15 June 2021 / Accepted: 16 June 2021 / Published: 21 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Global Health)
Aims: Due to the continuous changes in modern lifestyle and the need to explore the effect of these changes on the risk of developing cancer, ongoing research on the epidemiology and characteristics of cancer patients is requested. This study explored the epidemiology of cancer, its characteristics, treatment patterns, and risk factors in the southern region of Saudi Arabia. Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted using cancer patients’ medical records at Asir Central Hospital in the southern region of Saudi Arabia. Active patients’ records were extracted between January 2013 and December 2019. Results: A total of 2038 patients were identified during the study period, with a mean age of 60.9 (SD: 19.0) years. The patients had survived with their cancer for a median duration of 4 years (IQR: 2–6). Around 4.6% of the patients required ICU admission with a median period of 9 days (IQR: 5–14.75). The death rate during the study period was 10.9%. Around 20.8% of the cases were metastatic, of which 77.8% were at stage four of metastasis, and 19.7% of the patients were receiving chemotherapy for their disease. The most common types of cancer were malignant neoplasms of digestive organs, comprising 40.8% of the sample. Older age (60 years and above) and using specific chronic disease medications were predictors associated with a higher risk of death due to cancer (p < 0.05). Smoking history, using specific chronic disease medications, and having previous surgery were predictors associated with a higher risk of ICU admission (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Breast, colon, and liver cancers were the most prevalent in the southern region of Saudi Arabia. Several modifiable cancer risk factors were identified. The results of this study should support decision-makers in the initiation of programs for key modifiable risk factors that enhance lifestyle changes and reduce cancer risks. View Full-Text
Keywords: Asir; cancer; epidemiology; Saudi Arabia Asir; cancer; epidemiology; Saudi Arabia
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alyami, H.S.; Naser, A.Y.; Dahmash, E.Z.; Alyami, M.H.; Belali, O.M.; Assiri, A.M.; Rehman, A.; Alsaleh, A.M.; Alsaleh, H.A.; Hussein, S.H.; Amer, S.M.; Asiri, S.A.; Almuadi, A.I. Clinical and Therapeutic Characteristics of Cancer Patients in the Southern Region of Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6654. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126654

AMA Style

Alyami HS, Naser AY, Dahmash EZ, Alyami MH, Belali OM, Assiri AM, Rehman A, Alsaleh AM, Alsaleh HA, Hussein SH, Amer SM, Asiri SA, Almuadi AI. Clinical and Therapeutic Characteristics of Cancer Patients in the Southern Region of Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6654. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126654

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alyami, Hamad S., Abdallah Y. Naser, Eman Z. Dahmash, Mohammad H. Alyami, Osamah M. Belali, Ahmad M. Assiri, Amjad Rehman, Abdulrhman M. Alsaleh, Hind A. Alsaleh, Shahad H. Hussein, Shahad M. Amer, Sara A. Asiri, and Amjad I. Almuadi 2021. "Clinical and Therapeutic Characteristics of Cancer Patients in the Southern Region of Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 12: 6654. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126654

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