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Healthcare for Older Adults, Where Are We Moving towards?
Article

Association between Occupational Dysfunction and Social Isolation in Japanese Older Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study

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Department of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Kansai University of Health Sciences, 2-11-1 Wakaba, Kumatori, Sennnan, Osaka 590-0482, Japan
2
Physical Fitness Research Institute, Meiji Yasuda Life Foundation of Health and Welfare, 150 Tobuki, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0001, Japan
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Division of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation and Care, Seijoh University, 2-172 Fukinodai, Tokai 476-8588, Japan
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Doctoral Program in Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences, Degree Programs in Comprehensive Human Sciences, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba 305-8577, Ibaraki, Japan
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Doctoral Program in Public Health, Degree Programs in Comprehensive Human Sciences, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba 305-8577, Ibaraki, Japan
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Department of Occupational Therapy, Ibaraki Prefectural University of Health Sciences, 4669-2 Ami, Ami, Inashiki 300-0394, Ibaraki, Japan
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Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba 305-8577, Ibaraki, Japan
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R&D Center for Tailor-Made QOL, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba 305-8577, Ibaraki, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Francisco José Tarazona Santabalbina, Sebastià Josep Santaeugènia Gonzàlez, José Augusto García Navarro and José Viña
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6648; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126648
Received: 15 May 2021 / Revised: 10 June 2021 / Accepted: 17 June 2021 / Published: 21 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Care for Older Adults)
We clarified the relationship between occupational dysfunction and social isolation among community-dwelling adults. We used a self-administered questionnaire with a cross-sectional study for 2879 independently living older adults in Kasama City, Japan. Participants responded to a self-reported questionnaire in November 2019. Occupational dysfunction and social isolation were assessed. The participants were classified into two groups: healthy occupational function group, and occupational dysfunction group. To examine the relationship between occupational dysfunction and social isolation, we performed a logistic regression analysis with social isolation as a dependent variable and occupational dysfunction as an independent variable. In the crude model, the occupational dysfunction group had a higher risk of social isolation than the healthy occupational function group (odds ratio (OR) = 2.04; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.63–2.55; p < 0.001). In the adjusted model, the occupational dysfunction group had a higher risk of social isolation than the healthy occupational function group (OR = 1.51; 95% CI, 1.17–1.94; p = 0.001). The results showed that occupational dysfunction was significantly associated with social isolation. These results can be used in constructing a support method for social isolation from a new perspective. View Full-Text
Keywords: occupational therapy; occupational function; social network; social isolation occupational therapy; occupational function; social network; social isolation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Fujii, K.; Fujii, Y.; Kubo, Y.; Tateoka, K.; Liu, J.; Nagata, K.; Wakayama, S.; Okura, T. Association between Occupational Dysfunction and Social Isolation in Japanese Older Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6648. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126648

AMA Style

Fujii K, Fujii Y, Kubo Y, Tateoka K, Liu J, Nagata K, Wakayama S, Okura T. Association between Occupational Dysfunction and Social Isolation in Japanese Older Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6648. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126648

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fujii, Keisuke, Yuya Fujii, Yuta Kubo, Korin Tateoka, Jue Liu, Koki Nagata, Shuichi Wakayama, and Tomohiro Okura. 2021. "Association between Occupational Dysfunction and Social Isolation in Japanese Older Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 12: 6648. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126648

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