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Article

Parental and Peer Support Matters: A Broad Umbrella of the Role of Perceived Social Support in the Association between Children’s Perceived Motor Competence and Physical Activity

1
Activitat Física i Promoció de la Salut (AFIPS) Research Group, 46022 Valencia, Spain
2
Department of Teaching of Musical Visual and Corporal Expression, University of Valencia, 46022 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6646; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126646
Received: 27 May 2021 / Revised: 17 June 2021 / Accepted: 18 June 2021 / Published: 21 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Health Behaviors in Children and Adolescents)
(1) Background: This study aimed to examine the role of social support in the relationship between perceived motor competence (MC) and physical activity (PA), according to the conceptual model of Motor Development. (2) Methods: Participants were 518 students (46.5% girls), 8–12 years old. By using a structural equation modeling approach, path analysis was used to test the actual-perceived MC relationship and the mediating influence of social support on the perceived MC–PA relationship. Analyses were done with age and sex as covariates. (3) Results: The results showed a good model fit (CFI = 0.98; RMSEA = 0.07; SRMR = 0.02), where actual MC was positively associated with perceived MC (ß = 0.26, p < 0.001), which in turn was positively related to social support (ß = 0.34, p < 0.001). The model showed the direct social support-PA path (ß = 0.42, p < 0.001) and the indirect path from perceived MC through social support to PA (ß = 0.14, p < 0.001). (4) Conclusions: This study confirms that social support mediates the perceived MC–PA relationship. As such, it is not only important to build and develop children’s actual and perceived MC, but also to promote social support for PA engagement. View Full-Text
Keywords: motor development; parents support; peer support; fundamental movement skills; self-perception; movement behavior motor development; parents support; peer support; fundamental movement skills; self-perception; movement behavior
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MDPI and ACS Style

Menescardi, C.; Estevan, I. Parental and Peer Support Matters: A Broad Umbrella of the Role of Perceived Social Support in the Association between Children’s Perceived Motor Competence and Physical Activity. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6646. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126646

AMA Style

Menescardi C, Estevan I. Parental and Peer Support Matters: A Broad Umbrella of the Role of Perceived Social Support in the Association between Children’s Perceived Motor Competence and Physical Activity. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6646. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126646

Chicago/Turabian Style

Menescardi, Cristina, and Isaac Estevan. 2021. "Parental and Peer Support Matters: A Broad Umbrella of the Role of Perceived Social Support in the Association between Children’s Perceived Motor Competence and Physical Activity" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 12: 6646. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126646

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