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Article

Associations between Psychosocial Variables, Availability of Physical Activity Resources in Neighborhood Environment, and Out-of-School Physical Activity among Chinese Adolescents

1
Department of Healthcare Management, School of Health Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430071, China
2
Faculty of Dentistry, National University of Singapore, Singapore 129800, Singapore
3
Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore, Singapore129800, Singapore
4
Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong 999077, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6643; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126643
Received: 17 May 2021 / Revised: 17 June 2021 / Accepted: 17 June 2021 / Published: 21 June 2021
This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between psychosocial variables (peer support, parental support, autonomous motivation, and controlled motivation), availability of physical activity resources in a neighborhood environment, and out-of-school moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) among Chinese adolescents. The questionnaire of Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating (FLASHE) Study was used to collect information on demographics, socioeconomic status, psychosocial variables, available physical activity resources in the neighborhood environment, and minutes of out-of-school MVPA. ANOVA analysis and multiple regression analysis were performed. The mean age of the 3833 adolescents included in our analysis was 14.7 years old (SD = 1.7). Peer support (b = 9.35, 95% CI: 7.55–11.15), autonomous motivation (b = 6.46, 95% CI: 4.09–8.82), parental support (b = 3.90, 95% CI: 1.75–6.07), and availability of physical activity resources in neighborhood environment (b = 3.18, 95% CI: 1.99–4.36) were significantly associated with out-of-school MVPA (p < 0.05). Controlled motivation was insignificantly related to minutes of out-of-school MVPA. Boys spent more time on out-of-school MVPA than girls (p < 0.001) and had a high level of peer support, parental support, and motivation (p < 0.05). Our findings suggest that interventions targeting the out-of-school MVPA among Chinese adolescents should focus on the psychosocial variables and neighborhood environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; adolescent; peer support; parental support; neighborhood environment physical activity; adolescent; peer support; parental support; neighborhood environment
MDPI and ACS Style

Qiu, N.; Gao, X.; Zhang, X.; Fu, J.; Wang, Y.; Li, R. Associations between Psychosocial Variables, Availability of Physical Activity Resources in Neighborhood Environment, and Out-of-School Physical Activity among Chinese Adolescents. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6643. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126643

AMA Style

Qiu N, Gao X, Zhang X, Fu J, Wang Y, Li R. Associations between Psychosocial Variables, Availability of Physical Activity Resources in Neighborhood Environment, and Out-of-School Physical Activity among Chinese Adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6643. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126643

Chicago/Turabian Style

Qiu, Nan, Xiaoli Gao, Xinge Zhang, Jialin Fu, Yechuang Wang, and Rui Li. 2021. "Associations between Psychosocial Variables, Availability of Physical Activity Resources in Neighborhood Environment, and Out-of-School Physical Activity among Chinese Adolescents" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 12: 6643. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126643

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