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Trajectories of Procedural and Interactional Justice as Predictors of Retirement among Swedish Workers: Differences between Three Groups of Retirees

1
Department of Psychology, Uppsala University, 752 37 Uppsala, Sweden
2
Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, 114 19 Stockholm, Sweden
3
Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, 114 19 Stockholm, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ivo Iavicoli
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6472; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126472
Received: 27 April 2021 / Revised: 11 June 2021 / Accepted: 12 June 2021 / Published: 15 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Occupational Safety and Health)
Organizational justice is an important aspect of the psychosocial work environment, but there is a lack of studies on whether justice perceptions also predict retirement decisions. The aim of this study is to examine trajectories of procedural and interactional justice perceptions prior to retirement of three groups of retirees while considering self-rated health and important demographics. Data from the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (2006–2018, N = 3000) were used. Respondents were grouped into early retirement, normative retirement and late retirement. Latent growth curve models and multinomial logistic regressions were conducted to test whether trajectories of justice perceptions prior to retirement differed between retirement groups while controlling for self-rated health development and demographic variables. Late retirees had higher intercept levels of interactional justice and higher intercept levels of self-rated health prior to retirement, compared to early retirees. Late retirees also showed a slower decrease in procedural justice compared to early retirees. Only intercept levels of self-rated health differed between early retirees and normative retirees, such that early retirees had lower levels of self-rated health prior to retirement. Keeping employees in the workforce is a major challenge for any aging society. Organizational justice perceptions in the years prior to retirement seem particularly influential for delaying retirement. View Full-Text
Keywords: organizational justice; fairness; retirement; trajectories; self-rated health; Sweden organizational justice; fairness; retirement; trajectories; self-rated health; Sweden
MDPI and ACS Style

Eib, C.; Peristera, P.; Bernhard-Oettel, C.; Leineweber, C. Trajectories of Procedural and Interactional Justice as Predictors of Retirement among Swedish Workers: Differences between Three Groups of Retirees. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6472. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126472

AMA Style

Eib C, Peristera P, Bernhard-Oettel C, Leineweber C. Trajectories of Procedural and Interactional Justice as Predictors of Retirement among Swedish Workers: Differences between Three Groups of Retirees. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6472. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126472

Chicago/Turabian Style

Eib, Constanze, Paraskevi Peristera, Claudia Bernhard-Oettel, and Constanze Leineweber. 2021. "Trajectories of Procedural and Interactional Justice as Predictors of Retirement among Swedish Workers: Differences between Three Groups of Retirees" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 12: 6472. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126472

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