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Seasonal Variation in Generic and Disease-Specific Health-Related Quality of Life in Rhinologic Patients in Southern Finland

1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery, Helsinki University Hospital, Kasarmikatu 11–13, 00029 Helsinki, Finland
2
Weather and Climate Change Impact Research, Finnish Meteorological Institute, 00560 Helsinki, Finland
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Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
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Group Administration, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Hospital, 00100 Helsinki, Finland
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Department of Health and Social Management, University of Eastern Finland, 70211 Kuopio, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6428; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126428
Received: 11 May 2021 / Revised: 4 June 2021 / Accepted: 12 June 2021 / Published: 14 June 2021
Background: Seasonal variation in exacerbations, hospitalisations, and mortality statistics has been reported for some diseases. To our knowledge, however, no published studies exist on the seasonality of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) amongst rhinologic patients. Aims/Objectives: This study, therefore, aimed to investigate the possible seasonal variation in rhinologic patients’ HRQoL using the rhinologic disease-specific Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-22 (SNOT-22) and the generic 15D HRQoL instrument. Material and Methods: We enrolled unselected adult rhinologic patients requiring specialist care at the Helsinki University Hospital in this cross-sectional, questionnaire-based prospective study during four seasons: February (winter), May (spring), August (summer), and November (autumn). Patients received SNOT-22 and 15D questionnaires via post. The Finnish Meteorological Institute supplied climate data from these months. Results: SNOT-22 and 15D data were available for 301 and 298 patients, respectively. We found no statistically significant differences (p = 0.948) between the mean monthly 15D scores or mean SNOT-22 scales. Furthermore, the mean SNOT-22 subscales did not differ between the monthly study periods. Conclusions and Significance: Our study shows that seasonality did not impact rhinologic patients’ SNOT-22 or 15D HRQoL scores. Thus, these questionnaires can be used for follow-up amongst rhinologic patients regardless of season. View Full-Text
Keywords: adult; climate; PROM; sinonasal; questionnaire; 15D; SNOT-22 adult; climate; PROM; sinonasal; questionnaire; 15D; SNOT-22
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ylivuori, M.; Ruuhela, R.; Sintonen, H.; Virkkula, P.; Roine, R.P.; Hytönen, M. Seasonal Variation in Generic and Disease-Specific Health-Related Quality of Life in Rhinologic Patients in Southern Finland. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6428. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126428

AMA Style

Ylivuori M, Ruuhela R, Sintonen H, Virkkula P, Roine RP, Hytönen M. Seasonal Variation in Generic and Disease-Specific Health-Related Quality of Life in Rhinologic Patients in Southern Finland. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6428. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126428

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ylivuori, Maija, Reija Ruuhela, Harri Sintonen, Paula Virkkula, Risto P. Roine, and Maija Hytönen. 2021. "Seasonal Variation in Generic and Disease-Specific Health-Related Quality of Life in Rhinologic Patients in Southern Finland" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 12: 6428. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126428

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