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Article

Auditory Processing Disorders in Elderly Persons vs. Linguistic and Emotional Prosody

Institute of Psychology, Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, 85-064 Bydgoszcz, Poland
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Academic Editors: Elena Lobo, Patricia Gracia-García and Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6427; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126427
Received: 16 April 2021 / Revised: 4 June 2021 / Accepted: 8 June 2021 / Published: 14 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Aging and Cognition: Improving Wellbeing in Older Age)
Background: Language communication, which is one of the basic forms of building and maintaining interpersonal relationships, deteriorates in elder age. One of the probable causes is a decline in auditory functioning, including auditory central processing. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the profile of central auditory processing disorders in the elderly as well as the relationship between these disorders and the perception of emotional and linguistic prosody. Methods: The Right Hemisphere Language Battery (RHLB-PL), and the Brain-Boy Universal Professional (BUP) were used. Results: There are statistically significant relationships between emotional prosody and: spatial hearing (r(18) = 0.46, p = 0.04); the time of the reaction (r(18) = 0.49, p = 0.03); recognizing the frequency pattern (r(18) = 0.49, p = 0.03 (4); and recognizing the duration pattern (r(18) = 0.45, p = 0.05. There are statistically significant correlations between linguistic prosody and: pitch discrimination (r(18) = 0.5, p = 0.02); recognition of the frequency pattern (r(18) = 0.55, p = 0.01); recognition of the temporal pattern; and emotional prosody (r(18) = 0.58, p = 0.01). Conclusions: The analysis of the disturbed components of auditory central processing among the tested samples showed a reduction in the functions related to frequency differentiation, the recognition of the temporal pattern, the process of discriminating between important sounds, and the speed of reaction. De-automation of the basic functions of auditory central processing, which we observe in older age, lowers the perception of both emotional and linguistic prosody, thus reducing the quality of communication in older people. View Full-Text
Keywords: central auditory process; emotional prosody; linguistic prosody central auditory process; emotional prosody; linguistic prosody
MDPI and ACS Style

Rasmus, A.; Błachnio, A. Auditory Processing Disorders in Elderly Persons vs. Linguistic and Emotional Prosody. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6427. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126427

AMA Style

Rasmus A, Błachnio A. Auditory Processing Disorders in Elderly Persons vs. Linguistic and Emotional Prosody. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6427. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126427

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rasmus, Anna, and Aleksandra Błachnio. 2021. "Auditory Processing Disorders in Elderly Persons vs. Linguistic and Emotional Prosody" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 12: 6427. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126427

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