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Article

Effects of Sociodemographic Variables and Depressive Symptoms on MoCA Test Performance in Native Germans and Turkish Migrants in Germany

1
Neuropsychology and Gender Studies & Center for Neuropsychological Diagnostics and Intervention (CeNDI), Department of Medical Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital of Cologne, University of Cologne, 50937 Cologne, Germany
2
Department of Neurology, University Medicine Greifswald, 17489 Greifswald, Germany
3
Department of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital of Cologne, University of Cologne, 50937 Cologne, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Heiko Becher, Volker Winkler and Hajo Zeeb
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6335; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126335
Received: 4 April 2021 / Revised: 28 May 2021 / Accepted: 7 June 2021 / Published: 11 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Migration and Global Health)
The validity of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) in migrants is questionable, as sociodemographic factors and the migration process may influence performance. Our aim was to evaluate possible predictors (age, education, sex, depression, and migration) of MoCA results in Turkish migrants and Germans living in Germany. Linear regression models were conducted with a German (n = 419), a Turkish (n = 133), and an overall sample. All predictor analyses reached statistical significance. For the German sample, age, sex, education, and depression were significant predictors, whereas education was the only predictor for Turkish migrants. For the overall sample, having no migration background and higher education were significant predictors. Migration background and education had an impact on MoCA performance in a sample of German and Turkish individuals living in Germany. Thus, culture-specific normative data for the MoCA are needed, and the development of culture-sensitive cognitive screening tools is encouraged. View Full-Text
Keywords: Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA); cognition; Turkish migrants; predictors Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA); cognition; Turkish migrants; predictors
MDPI and ACS Style

Anapa, G.; Roheger, M.; Seven, Ü.S.; Liebermann-Jordanidis, H.; Onur, O.A.; Kessler, J.; Kalbe, E. Effects of Sociodemographic Variables and Depressive Symptoms on MoCA Test Performance in Native Germans and Turkish Migrants in Germany. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6335. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126335

AMA Style

Anapa G, Roheger M, Seven ÜS, Liebermann-Jordanidis H, Onur OA, Kessler J, Kalbe E. Effects of Sociodemographic Variables and Depressive Symptoms on MoCA Test Performance in Native Germans and Turkish Migrants in Germany. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6335. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126335

Chicago/Turabian Style

Anapa, Görkem, Mandy Roheger, Ümran Sema Seven, Hannah Liebermann-Jordanidis, Oezguer A. Onur, Josef Kessler, and Elke Kalbe. 2021. "Effects of Sociodemographic Variables and Depressive Symptoms on MoCA Test Performance in Native Germans and Turkish Migrants in Germany" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 12: 6335. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126335

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