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Article

Multi-Component Intervention Program on Habitual Physical Activity Parameters and Cognitive Function in Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Randomized Controlled Trial

1
College of Arts and Sports, Dong-A University, Busan 49315, Korea
2
Busan Metropolitan Dementia Center, Busan 49201, Korea
3
Department of Neurology, College of Medicine, Dong-A University, Busan 49201, Korea
4
Department of Health Sciences, Graduate School, Dong-A University, Busan 49315, Korea
5
Health Convergence Medicine Laboratory, Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, Busan 49241, Korea
6
Center for Gerontology and Social Science, National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, Obu 474-8511, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Giuseppe Lanza
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(12), 6240; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126240
Received: 24 April 2021 / Revised: 5 June 2021 / Accepted: 7 June 2021 / Published: 9 June 2021
Age-related dementia refers to a state in which someone experiences multiple cognitive function impairment due to degenerative brain disease, and which causes difficulties in their daily life or social life. Dementia is the most common and serious obstacle in later life. Early intervention in the case of patients who are in the mild cognitive impairment (MCI) stage among the high-risk group can maintain and improve their cognitive function. The purpose of the current trial is aimed at investigating the association between a multi-component (exercise with cognitive) intervention program and habitual physical activity parameters on cognitive functions in MCI patients. Neuropsychological cognitive and depression assessments were performed by neuropsychologists according to normalized methods, including the Korean mini-mental State examination (K-MMSE) and modified Alzheimer’s disease assessment scale-cognitive subscale (ADAS-Cog) and cognitive assessment tool (attention, processing speed), and the Korean version of the geriatric depression scale (SGDS-K), both at baseline and at a 12 weeks follow-up. The 12-week multi-component intervention improved cognitive function and habitual physical activity parameters in patients with MCI relative to controls. A multi-component intervention program for patients with MCI is considered to be an effective method of dementia prevention by improving global (ADAS-Cog) and frontal (trail-making test, digit symbol substitution test) cognition and habitual physical activity parameters such as moderate to vigorous physical activity and step count. In addition, it is important to encourage habitual physical activities to ensure that exercise intervention strategies are carried out at the duration and intensity required for improving physical and cognitive wellbeing and obtaining health benefits. View Full-Text
Keywords: multi-component intervention; mild cognitive impairment; dementia; habitual physical activity parameters; cognitive function multi-component intervention; mild cognitive impairment; dementia; habitual physical activity parameters; cognitive function
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jeong, M.-K.; Park, K.-W.; Ryu, J.-K.; Kim, G.-M.; Jung, H.-H.; Park, H. Multi-Component Intervention Program on Habitual Physical Activity Parameters and Cognitive Function in Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 6240. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126240

AMA Style

Jeong M-K, Park K-W, Ryu J-K, Kim G-M, Jung H-H, Park H. Multi-Component Intervention Program on Habitual Physical Activity Parameters and Cognitive Function in Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Randomized Controlled Trial. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(12):6240. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126240

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jeong, Min-Ki, Kyung-Won Park, Je-Kwang Ryu, Gwon-Min Kim, Hyun-Hun Jung, and Hyuntae Park. 2021. "Multi-Component Intervention Program on Habitual Physical Activity Parameters and Cognitive Function in Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Randomized Controlled Trial" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 12: 6240. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18126240

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