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Article

Sleep Quality in Chilean Professional Soccer Players

1
Facultad de Ciencias, Escuela de Nutrición y Dietética, Universidad Mayor, Santiago 8580745, Chile
2
Grupo de Investigación en Salud, Actividad Física y Deporte ISAFYD, Universidad de Las Américas, sede Viña del Mar 2531098, Chile
3
Facultad de Ciencias, Escuela de Nutrición y Dietética, Magíster en Nutrición para la Actividad Física y Deporte, Universidad Mayor, Santiago 8580745, Chile
4
Facultad de Educación, Universidad de Las Américas, sede Viña del Mar 2531098, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Manuel Gómez-López, Antonino Bianco and Carlos Marques da Silva
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(11), 5866; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115866
Received: 22 March 2021 / Revised: 23 April 2021 / Accepted: 28 April 2021 / Published: 29 May 2021
Recent research has shown that good sleep quality has a positive effect on physical performance. However, sleep quality in Chilean professional soccer players is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine sleep quality in Chilean professional soccer players. It was a cross-sectional, explanatory study with observable variables. The sample consisted of 94 Chilean male soccer players belonging to four professional clubs. The main variable was the Sleep Quality Index, evaluated through the Pittsburgh questionnaire (Spanish version). After estimating sleep quality individually, the four professional soccer clubs’ comparison was performed through a one-factor ANOVA. The Pearson test was used to relate the questionnaire variables; the significance level was p < 0.05. In the global analysis of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, a value of 4.75 ± 2.29 on a scale of 0–21 was observed, with no significant differences between the clubs evaluated (p > 0.05). Based on the results obtained, Chilean male professional soccer players present good sleep quality. However, the high values of “sleep latency” and “sleep disturbances” are indicators that should be worked on by the multidisciplinary team of each professional club. They should develop strategies to improve sleep hygiene, encourage good sleep, and fall asleep efficiently. View Full-Text
Keywords: sleep quality index; physical performance; professional soccer players sleep quality index; physical performance; professional soccer players
MDPI and ACS Style

Jorquera-Aguilera, C.; Barahona-Fuentes, G.; Pérez Peña, M.J.; Yeomans Cabrera, M.M.; Huerta Ojeda, Á. Sleep Quality in Chilean Professional Soccer Players. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 5866. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115866

AMA Style

Jorquera-Aguilera C, Barahona-Fuentes G, Pérez Peña MJ, Yeomans Cabrera MM, Huerta Ojeda Á. Sleep Quality in Chilean Professional Soccer Players. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(11):5866. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115866

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jorquera-Aguilera, Carlos, Guillermo Barahona-Fuentes, María J. Pérez Peña, María M. Yeomans Cabrera, and Álvaro Huerta Ojeda. 2021. "Sleep Quality in Chilean Professional Soccer Players" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 11: 5866. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18115866

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