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Open AccessArticle

Proximity to Screening Site, Rurality, and Neighborhood Disadvantage: Treatment Status among Individuals with Sexually Transmitted Infections in Yakima County, Washington

1
Department of Nutrition and Exercise Physiology, Elson S. Floyd College of Medicine, Washington State University, Spokane, WA 99202, USA
2
School of Molecular Biosciences, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99163, USA
3
Program of Excellence in Addiction Research, Elson S Floyd College of Medicine, Washington State University, Spokane, WA 99202, USA
4
Yakima County Health District, Yakima, WA 98903, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(8), 2679; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17082679
Received: 9 March 2020 / Revised: 2 April 2020 / Accepted: 11 April 2020 / Published: 14 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Space, Place and Health Outcomes)
Background: Early sexually transmitted infections (STIs) diagnosis facilitates prompt treatment initiation and contributes to reduced transmission. This study examined the extent to which contextual characteristics such as proximity to screening site, rurality, and neighborhood disadvantage along with demographic variables, may influence treatment seeking behavior among individuals with STIs (i.e., chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis). Methods: Data on 16,075 diagnosed cases of STIs between 2007 and 2018 in Yakima County were obtained from the Washington State Department of Health Database Surveillance System. Multilevel models were applied to explore the associations between contextual and demographic characteristics and two outcomes: (a) not receiving treatment and (b) the number of days to receiving treatment. Results: Contextual risk factors for not receiving treatment or having increased number of days to treatment were living ≥10 miles from the screening site and living in micropolitan, small towns, or rural areas. Older age was a protective factor and being female was a risk for both outcomes. Conclusions: Healthcare providers and facilities should be made aware of demographic and contextual characteristics that can impact treatment seeking behavior among individuals with STIs, especially among youth, females, and rural residents. View Full-Text
Keywords: GIS; Yakima County; sexually transmitted infections; treatment; proximity to testing site GIS; Yakima County; sexually transmitted infections; treatment; proximity to testing site
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Amiri, S.; Pham, C.D.; Amram, O.; Alcover, K.C.; Oluwoye, O.; Bravo, L.; Sixberry, M.; McDonell, M.G.; Roll, J.M.; Fresco, A. Proximity to Screening Site, Rurality, and Neighborhood Disadvantage: Treatment Status among Individuals with Sexually Transmitted Infections in Yakima County, Washington. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2679.

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