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Design of a Network Optimization Platform for the Multivehicle Transportation of Hazardous Materials
Open AccessArticle

Causation Analysis of Hazardous Material Road Transportation Accidents Based on the Ordered Logit Regression Model

by Changxi Ma 1,*, Jibiao Zhou 2,3,* and Dong Yang 1
1
School of Traffic and Transportation, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou 730070, China
2
College of Transportation Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200082, China
3
Intelligent Transport System (ITS) R & D Center, Shanghai Urban Construction Design and Research Institute (Group) Co., Ltd., Shanghai 200082, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(4), 1259; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17041259 (registering DOI)
Received: 31 December 2019 / Revised: 5 February 2020 / Accepted: 13 February 2020 / Published: 15 February 2020
Understanding the influence factors and related causation of hazardous materials can improve hazardous materials drivers’ safety awareness and help traffic professionals to develop effective countermeasures. This study investigates the statistical distribution characteristics, such as types of hazardous materials transportation accidents, driver properties, vehicle properties, environmental properties, road properties. In total, 343 data regarding hazardous materials accidents were collected from the chemical accident information network of China. An ordered logit regression (OLR) model is proposed to account for the unobserved heterogeneity across observations. Four independent variables, such as hazardous materials drivers’ properties, vehicle properties, environmental properties, and road properties are employed based on the OLR model, an ordered multinomial logistic regression (MLR) is estimated the OLR model parameters. Both parameter estimates and odds ratio (OR) are employed to interpret the impact of influence factors on the severity of hazardous materials accidents. The model estimation results show that 10 factors such as violations, unsafe driving behaviors, vehicle faults, and so on are closely related to accidents severity of hazardous materials transportation. Furthermore, three enforcement countermeasures are proposed to prevent accidents when transporting hazardous materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: traffic safety; causation analysis; ordered logit model; influence factors; hazardous materials; transportation accident traffic safety; causation analysis; ordered logit model; influence factors; hazardous materials; transportation accident
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ma, C.; Zhou, J.; Yang, D. Causation Analysis of Hazardous Material Road Transportation Accidents Based on the Ordered Logit Regression Model. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 1259.

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