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Open AccessReview

Use of Genomic Information in Health Impact Assessment is Yet to Come: A Systematic Review

1
Department of Public Health and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Debrecen, 4028 Debrecen, Hungary
2
Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain 17666, UAE
3
Doctoral School of Health Sciences, University of Debrecen, 4028 Debrecen, Hungary
4
MTA-DE Public Health Research Group, University of Debrecen, 4028 Debrecen, Hungary
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(24), 9417; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249417
Received: 21 October 2020 / Revised: 9 December 2020 / Accepted: 13 December 2020 / Published: 15 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health Impact Assessment)
Information generated by genetic epidemiology and genomics studies has been accumulating at fast pace, and this knowledge opens new vistas in public health, allowing for the understanding of gene–environment interactions. However, the translation of genome-based knowledge and technologies to the practice of healthcare, and especially of public health, is challenging. Because health impact assessment (HIA) proved to be an effective tool to assist consideration of health issues is sectoral policymaking, this study aimed at exploring its role in the translational process by a systematic literature review on the use of genetic information provided by genetic epidemiology and genomics studies in HIA. PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science electronic databases were searched and the findings systematically reviewed and reported by the PRISMA guidelines. The review found eight studies that met the inclusion criteria, most of them theoretically discussing the use of HIA for introducing genome-based technologies in healthcare practice, and only two articles considered, in short, the possibility for a generic application of genomic information in HIA. The findings indicate that HIA should be more extensively utilized in the translation of genome-based knowledge to public health practice, and the use of genomic information should be facilitated in the HIA process. View Full-Text
Keywords: genetic epidemiology; genomics; translation; health impact assessment; public health; public health genomics genetic epidemiology; genomics; translation; health impact assessment; public health; public health genomics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ádám, B.; Lovas, S.; Ádány, R. Use of Genomic Information in Health Impact Assessment is Yet to Come: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9417. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249417

AMA Style

Ádám B, Lovas S, Ádány R. Use of Genomic Information in Health Impact Assessment is Yet to Come: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(24):9417. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249417

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ádám, Balázs; Lovas, Szabolcs; Ádány, Róza. 2020. "Use of Genomic Information in Health Impact Assessment is Yet to Come: A Systematic Review" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 24: 9417. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249417

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