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Article

Alcohol Consumption during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Survey of US Adults

1
Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
2
Advancement Strategy Consulting, LLC, Columbia, MD 21046, USA
3
Psychology Department, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD 21250, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(24), 9189; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249189
Received: 22 October 2020 / Revised: 30 November 2020 / Accepted: 8 December 2020 / Published: 9 December 2020
Emerging but limited evidence suggests that alcohol consumption has increased during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study assessed: (1) whether drinking behaviors changed during the pandemic; and, (2) how those changes were impacted by COVID-19-related stress. We conducted a cross-sectional online survey with a convenience sample of U.S. adults over 21 years in May 2020. We conducted adjusted linear regressions to assess COVID-19 stress and alcohol consumption, adjusting for gender, race, ethnicity, age, and household income. A total of 832 responded: 84% female, 85% White, and 72% ages 26–49. Participants reported consuming 26.8 alcohol drinks on 12.2 of the past 30 days. One-third of participants (34.1%) reported binge drinking and 7.0% reported extreme binge drinking. Participants who experienced COVID-19-related stress (versus not) reported consuming more drinks (β = 4.7; CI (0.2, 9.1); p = 0.040) and a greater number of days drinking (β = 2.4; CI (0.6, 4.1); p = 0.007). Additionally, 60% reported increased drinking but 13% reported decreased drinking, compared to pre-COVID-19. Reasons for increased drinking included increased stress (45.7%), increased alcohol availability (34.4%), and boredom (30.1%). Participants who reported being stressed by the pandemic consumed more drinks over a greater number of days, which raises concerns from both an individual and public health perspective. View Full-Text
Keywords: coronavirus; binge drinking; pandemic; adults; public health coronavirus; binge drinking; pandemic; adults; public health
MDPI and ACS Style

Grossman, E.R.; Benjamin-Neelon, S.E.; Sonnenschein, S. Alcohol Consumption during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Survey of US Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9189. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249189

AMA Style

Grossman ER, Benjamin-Neelon SE, Sonnenschein S. Alcohol Consumption during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Survey of US Adults. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(24):9189. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249189

Chicago/Turabian Style

Grossman, Elyse R., Sara E. Benjamin-Neelon, and Susan Sonnenschein. 2020. "Alcohol Consumption during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Survey of US Adults" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 24: 9189. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17249189

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