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Article

Short-Term Impacts of Ambient Air Pollution on Health-Related Quality of Life: A Korea Health Panel Survey Study

Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Suwon 16419, Gyeonggi-do, Korea
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(23), 9128; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239128
Received: 27 October 2020 / Revised: 29 November 2020 / Accepted: 3 December 2020 / Published: 7 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Air Pollution and Climate Change-Mediated Health Impacts)
Previous studies have demonstrated that ambient air pollution leads to a decrease in mental and physical function. Although studies on the relationship between long-term exposure to air pollution and health-related quality of life have been conducted, the impact of short-term exposure has rarely been reported. This study explored the association between short-term exposure to air pollution and EuroQol-visual analog scale (EQ-VAS) scores, an indicator of health-related quality of life, using repeated measures. We selected 5420 respondents from seven metropolitan cities (Seoul, Busan, Daegu, Incheon, Gwangju, Daejeon, Ulsan) and one province (Jeju) in South Korea who had participated three or more times in the Korea Health Panel survey conducted from 2009 to 2013. A total of 24,536 observations were used. We applied the daily lag effects of air pollutants on the EQ-VAS stratified by sex and age group using the generalized linear mixed model. After controlling confounders, the EQ-VAS scores decreased statistically significantly in males aged 40–49 years, and females aged 50–64 years with chronic disease. The EQ-VAS scores reduced the most to −1.571 (95% confidence interval: −2.307–−0.834) and −1.722 (95% confidence interval: −2.499–−0.944) per interquartile range increment of carbon monoxide in males aged 40–49 years and per interquartile range increment of sulfur dioxide in females aged 50–64 years, respectively. This study provides evidence that short-term exposure to air pollution is related to the discomfort experienced by individuals in their daily lives. View Full-Text
Keywords: air pollution; quality of life; EuroQol-visual analog scale; Korea Health Panel Survey air pollution; quality of life; EuroQol-visual analog scale; Korea Health Panel Survey
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hwang, M.-J.; Kim, J.-H.; Cheong, H.-K. Short-Term Impacts of Ambient Air Pollution on Health-Related Quality of Life: A Korea Health Panel Survey Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9128. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239128

AMA Style

Hwang M-J, Kim J-H, Cheong H-K. Short-Term Impacts of Ambient Air Pollution on Health-Related Quality of Life: A Korea Health Panel Survey Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(23):9128. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239128

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hwang, Myung-Jae, Jong-Hun Kim, and Hae-Kwan Cheong. 2020. "Short-Term Impacts of Ambient Air Pollution on Health-Related Quality of Life: A Korea Health Panel Survey Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 23: 9128. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239128

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