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Review

Barriers and Facilitators to Nut Consumption: A Narrative Review

1
School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
2
Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia
3
Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, Dunedin 9016, Otago, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(23), 9127; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239127
Received: 2 November 2020 / Revised: 25 November 2020 / Accepted: 1 December 2020 / Published: 7 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nuts and Human Health)
Habitual nut intake is associated with a range of health benefits; however, population consumption data suggests that most individuals do not meet current recommendations for nut intake. The literature has highlighted a range of barriers and facilitators to nut consumption, which should be considered when designing strategies to promote nut intake. Common barriers include confusion regarding the effects of nut consumption on body weight, perceptions that nuts are high in fat, or too expensive, and challenges due to dentition issues or nut allergies. Conversely, demographic characteristics such as higher education and income level, and a healthier lifestyle overall, are associated with higher nut intakes. Health professionals appear to play an important role in promoting nut intake; however, research suggests that knowledge of the benefits of nut consumption could be improved in many health professions. Future strategies to increase nut intake to meet public health recommendations must clarify misconceptions of the specific benefits of nut consumption, specifically targeting sectors of the population known to have lower nut consumption, and educate health professionals to promote nut intake. In addition, given the relatively small body of evidence exploring barriers and facilitators to nut consumption, further research exploring these factors is justified. View Full-Text
Keywords: nut consumption; barriers; facilitators; dietary guidelines nut consumption; barriers; facilitators; dietary guidelines
MDPI and ACS Style

Neale, E.P.; Tran, G.; Brown, R.C. Barriers and Facilitators to Nut Consumption: A Narrative Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9127. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239127

AMA Style

Neale EP, Tran G, Brown RC. Barriers and Facilitators to Nut Consumption: A Narrative Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(23):9127. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239127

Chicago/Turabian Style

Neale, Elizabeth P., Georgie Tran, and Rachel C. Brown. 2020. "Barriers and Facilitators to Nut Consumption: A Narrative Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 23: 9127. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17239127

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