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Article

Prevalence of Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Children Referring for First Dental Examination. A Multicenter Cross-Sectional Study Using Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire

1
Department of Oral and Maxillo-Facial Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, 00161 Rome, Italy
2
Department of Dentistry, Section of Orthodontics, Faculty of Health, Aarhus University, 8000 Aarhus, Denmark
3
Department of Dermatology, Stomatology, Radiology and Physical Medicine, University of Murcia, 30008 Murcia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(22), 8460; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228460
Received: 29 September 2020 / Revised: 11 November 2020 / Accepted: 13 November 2020 / Published: 16 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Oral Prevention and Management of Oral Healthcare)
Background: Sleep-related breathing disorders (SRDB) are a group of pathological conditions characterized by a dysfunction of the upper airways. The value of SRDB’s prevalence, in the pediatric population, ranges from 2 to 11% depending on the different methodologies used in measure and the difficulties in the diagnosis. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of SRDB using the Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire (PSQ). Methods: 668 patients were enrolled from the Department of Oral and Maxillo-Facial Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy and from the Unit of Integrated Pediatric Dentistry, University of Murcia, Spain. The questionnaires were administered to patients with no previous orthodontic and surgical treatment who attended on the first visit at the two units of pediatric dentistry. Data regarding general health status were extracted from the standard anamnestic module for first visit. Prevalence and logistic regression models were computed. Results: The ages ranged from 2 to 16 years old (average 7 years old). The prevalence of SRDB was 9.7% for the entire sample. The models showed a positive correlation between three variables (snoring, bad habits, and anxiety) and SRDB. Conclusions: The prevalence obtained demonstrates the relevance of sleep disorders in the pediatric population and highlights the central role of pediatric dentists in the earlier diagnosis of these disorders. View Full-Text
Keywords: child; prevalence; sleep apnea syndromes *; sleep apnea; obstructive *; surveys and questionnaires child; prevalence; sleep apnea syndromes *; sleep apnea; obstructive *; surveys and questionnaires
MDPI and ACS Style

Di Carlo, G.; Zara, F.; Rocchetti, M.; Venturini, A.; Ortiz-Ruiz, A.J.; Luzzi, V.; Cattaneo, P.M.; Polimeni, A.; Vozza, I. Prevalence of Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Children Referring for First Dental Examination. A Multicenter Cross-Sectional Study Using Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8460. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228460

AMA Style

Di Carlo G, Zara F, Rocchetti M, Venturini A, Ortiz-Ruiz AJ, Luzzi V, Cattaneo PM, Polimeni A, Vozza I. Prevalence of Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Children Referring for First Dental Examination. A Multicenter Cross-Sectional Study Using Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(22):8460. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228460

Chicago/Turabian Style

Di Carlo, Gabriele, Francesca Zara, Milena Rocchetti, Angelica Venturini, Antonio J. Ortiz-Ruiz, Valeria Luzzi, Paolo M. Cattaneo, Antonella Polimeni, and Iole Vozza. 2020. "Prevalence of Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Children Referring for First Dental Examination. A Multicenter Cross-Sectional Study Using Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 22: 8460. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228460

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