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Self-Medication-Related Behaviors and Poland’s COVID-19 Lockdown

Institute of Sociological Sciences and Pedagogy, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynownska 166 St. 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
Department of Social Health Problems, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin, Plac Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej 5, 20-031 Lublin, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(22), 8344;
Received: 12 October 2020 / Revised: 3 November 2020 / Accepted: 9 November 2020 / Published: 11 November 2020
(1) Background: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has changed the functioning of Polish health systems. Telemedicine has been developed and access to prescription drugs (Rx) has been facilitated. This study examined whether these changes and the imposition of a three-month lockdown caused Polish people to engage in more self-medication-related behaviors. (2) Method: After the fourth (final) stage of defrosting the Polish economy, an online survey of a quota sample of 1013 Polish respondents was conducted. (3) Results: Almost half of the respondents (45.6%) indicated that they had engaged in at least one behavior associated with inappropriate self-medication during the lockdown (e.g., 16.6% took medication as a precaution, and 16.8% took an Rx formulation without consultation). Some of these people had never engaged in such behaviors prior to the lockdown. Linear regression showed that higher values of a composite (“lockdown”) index of self-medication-related behaviors occurring during lockdown were predicted by greater religiosity and the presence of children in a household. Also, independent samples t-tests showed that people who were afraid for their financial future and people who feared for their health obtained higher lockdown index scores than people not having such worries. (4) Conclusions: Self-medication-related behaviors were more common among Poles before lockdown than during the lockdown (which is unsurprising given that the lengths of the periods compared were hugely different), worryingly, many people exhibited such behaviors for the first time during the lockdown. View Full-Text
Keywords: self-medication; lockdown; COVID-19; Poland self-medication; lockdown; COVID-19; Poland
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MDPI and ACS Style

Makowska, M.; Boguszewski, R.; Nowakowski, M.; Podkowińska, M. Self-Medication-Related Behaviors and Poland’s COVID-19 Lockdown. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8344.

AMA Style

Makowska M, Boguszewski R, Nowakowski M, Podkowińska M. Self-Medication-Related Behaviors and Poland’s COVID-19 Lockdown. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(22):8344.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Makowska, Marta, Rafał Boguszewski, Michał Nowakowski, and Monika Podkowińska. 2020. "Self-Medication-Related Behaviors and Poland’s COVID-19 Lockdown" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 22: 8344.

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