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Article

Adenoma Characteristics and the Influence of Alcohol and Cigarette Consumption on the Development of Advanced Colorectal Adenomas

1
Medicinska škola Osijek, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
2
Faculty of Medicine, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
3
Department of Nursing and Palliative Medicine, Faculty of Dental Medicine and Health Osijek, Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
4
Institute of Public Health Osijek–Baranja County, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
5
Clinical Department of Pathology and Forensic Medicine, University Hospital Osijek, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
6
Clinical Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Hospital Osijek, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
7
Clinical Department of Pain Management, University Hospital Osijek, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(22), 8296; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228296
Received: 14 September 2020 / Revised: 6 November 2020 / Accepted: 6 November 2020 / Published: 10 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Public Health and Risk Factors across the Lifespan)
Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC), one of the leading public health problems worldwide, is a disease that can be prevented when it is detected in time. The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to investigate the characteristics of colorectal adenomas and whether alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking correlated with the development of advanced adenomas in participants in The National Programme for Early Detection of Colorectal Cancer (NP) in Osijek-Baranja County (OBC), Croatia. Methods: The screening methods were the guaiac Faecal Occult Blood Test (gFOBT), colonoscopy, histological analysis, and risk factor questionnaire. Results: The results showed the presence of adenomas in 136 men (57.4%) and 101 women (42.6%), p < 0.001. There was one adenoma in 147 (62%) most commonly located in sigmorect, in 86 (59%) participants, and 44 (18.6%) participants had multiple adenomas, most commonly found in multi loc, p < 0.001. According to size, 118 (49.8%) of all adenomas were between 0.1 and 0.9 cm, while adenomas of 3 cm 19 (8%) were the fewest, p < 0.001. There were 142 (59.9%) advanced adenomas. Conclusions: Adenoma development in the OBC population was correlated with predictors: adenoma size, high-grade dysplasia, smoking and alcohol consumption of 20 g per day. Non-smoking was found to be a health protective behaviour. View Full-Text
Keywords: cancer prevention; advanced adenoma; colorectal adenoma; alcohol consumption; cigarette smoking cancer prevention; advanced adenoma; colorectal adenoma; alcohol consumption; cigarette smoking
MDPI and ACS Style

Čebohin, M.; Samardžić, S.; Marjanović, K.; Tot Vesić, M.; Kralik, K.; Bartulić, A.; Hnatešen, D. Adenoma Characteristics and the Influence of Alcohol and Cigarette Consumption on the Development of Advanced Colorectal Adenomas. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8296. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228296

AMA Style

Čebohin M, Samardžić S, Marjanović K, Tot Vesić M, Kralik K, Bartulić A, Hnatešen D. Adenoma Characteristics and the Influence of Alcohol and Cigarette Consumption on the Development of Advanced Colorectal Adenomas. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(22):8296. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228296

Chicago/Turabian Style

Čebohin, Maja, Senka Samardžić, Ksenija Marjanović, Martina Tot Vesić, Kristina Kralik, Andreja Bartulić, and Dijana Hnatešen. 2020. "Adenoma Characteristics and the Influence of Alcohol and Cigarette Consumption on the Development of Advanced Colorectal Adenomas" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 22: 8296. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17228296

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