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Open AccessConcept Paper

H-WORK Project: Multilevel Interventions to Promote Mental Health in SMEs and Public Workplaces

1
Department of Psychology, Alma Mater Studiorum—University of Bologna, 40126 Bologna, Italy
2
Institute of Work Psychology, Sheffield University Management School, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 FL, UK
3
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institute, 171 65 Stockholm, Sweden
4
Department of Psychology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, N-7941 Trondheim, Norway
5
Department of Education Studies, Alma Mater Studiorum—University of Bologna, 40126 Bologna, Italy
6
Department of Work and Organizational Psychology, University of Amsterdam, 1018 WS Amsterdam, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 8035; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17218035
Received: 30 September 2020 / Revised: 27 October 2020 / Accepted: 28 October 2020 / Published: 31 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Workplace Interventions)
The paper describes the study design, research questions and methods of a large, international intervention project aimed at improving employee mental health and well-being in SMEs and public organisations. The study is innovative in multiple ways. First, it goes beyond the current debate on whether individual- or organisational-level interventions are most effective in improving employee health and well-being and tests the cumulative effects of multilevel interventions, that is, interventions addressing individual, group, leader and organisational levels. Second, it tailors its interventions to address the aftermaths of the Covid-19 pandemic and develop suitable multilevel interventions for dealing with new ways of working. Third, it uses realist evaluation to explore and identify the working ingredients of and the conditions required for each level of intervention, and their outcomes. Finally, an economic evaluation will assess both the cost-effectiveness analysis and the affordability of the interventions from the employer perspective. The study integrates the training transfer and the organisational process evaluation literature to develop toolkits helping end-users to promote mental health and well-being in the workplace. View Full-Text
Keywords: mental health; small medium enterprises; public sector; multilevel analysis; Covid-19 pandemic mental health; small medium enterprises; public sector; multilevel analysis; Covid-19 pandemic
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De Angelis, M.; Giusino, D.; Nielsen, K.; Aboagye, E.; Christensen, M.; Innstrand, S.T.; Mazzetti, G.; van den Heuvel, M.; Sijbom, R.B.; Pelzer, V.; Chiesa, R.; Pietrantoni, L. H-WORK Project: Multilevel Interventions to Promote Mental Health in SMEs and Public Workplaces. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 8035.

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