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Flu Vaccinations in Pharmacies—A Review of Pharmacists Fighting Pandemics and Infectious Diseases

Department of Pharmacoeconomics, Institute of Mother and Child, 01-211 Warsaw, Poland
Medink eu, 05-500 Warsaw, Poland
Polish Flu Vaccination Coalition, 00-061 Warsaw, Poland
Polish Pharmaceutical Chamber, 00-238 Warsaw, Polska
Didactic Center, Department of Ethics and Medical Law, Department of Social Medicine, Inter-Faculty, Medical University of Lublin, 20-081 Lublin, Poland
Department of Public Health, Medical University of Warsaw, 02-097 Warsaw, Poland
National Institute of Public Health—National Institute of Hygiene, 00-791 Warsaw, Poland
Collegium of Business Administration, Warsaw School of Economics, 02-513 Warsaw, Poland
Pharmacie Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Centre Hospitalier Pour Enfants de l’est de l’Ontario, 401 Smyth Road, Ottawa, ON K1H 8L1, Canada
Faculty of Medicine, Collegium Medicum, Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University, 01-815 Warsaw, Poland
Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, 85-067 Bydgoszcz, Poland
Trade Union of Pharmacy Workers, 01-315 Warsaw, Poland
Employed Pharmacist in Europe (EPhEU) Verband Angestellter Apotheker Österreichs (VAAÖ) Berufliche Interessenvertretung Spitalgasse 31/4, 1090 Vienna, Austria
Polish Pharmaceutical Group, 91-342 Łódź, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 7945;
Received: 6 October 2020 / Revised: 22 October 2020 / Accepted: 27 October 2020 / Published: 29 October 2020
The phenomenon of population ageing observed over recent years involves growing healthcare needs and the limited staffing and financing of healthcare systems, and as such demands some functional changes in the healthcare model in many countries. This situation is particularly significant in the face of a pandemic, e.g., flu, and currently COVID-19.As well as social education, preventive vaccinations are the most effective method of fighting the infectious diseases posing a special threat to seniors. Despite this, the vaccination coverage level in most European countries is relatively low. This is largely due to patients having limited access to vaccinations. In some countries, implementing vaccinations in pharmacies and by authorized pharmacists has significantly improved vaccination coverage rates and herd immunity, while lowering the cost of treating infections and the resulting complications, as well as minimizing the phenomenon of inappropriate antibiotic therapies. This article presents the role of pharmacists in the prevention of infectious diseases, pointing out the measurable effects of engaging pharmacists in conducting preventive vaccinations, as well as analyzing the models of implementing and conducting vaccinations in pharmacies in selected countries, and depicting recommendations regarding vaccinations developed by international organizations. The presented data is used to suggest requirements for the implementation of preventive vaccinations in community pharmacies. View Full-Text
Keywords: vaccination; pharmacy; pharmacist; flu; COVID-19 vaccination; pharmacy; pharmacist; flu; COVID-19
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Czech, M.; Balcerzak, M.; Antczak, A.; Byliniak, M.; Piotrowska-Rutkowska, E.; Drozd, M.; Juszczyk, G.; Religioni, U.; Vaillancourt, R.; Merks, P. Flu Vaccinations in Pharmacies—A Review of Pharmacists Fighting Pandemics and Infectious Diseases. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7945.

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