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Open AccessArticle

Development and Exploration of Psychometric Properties of the Family Adjustment Questionnaire for Admitting an Older Adult to a Nursing Home (CAFIAR)

1
Department of Personality, Assessment and Psychological Treatments, University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain
2
Faculty of Psychology, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, Santa Marta 470006, Colombia
3
Department of Evolutionary and Educational Psychology, University of Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(20), 7597; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207597
Received: 3 September 2020 / Revised: 3 October 2020 / Accepted: 15 October 2020 / Published: 19 October 2020
Background: Admitting an older adult to a nursing home involves significant adjustment efforts by the family. Our goal was to prepare an assessment instrument for this, given that there was none to date. Method: Participants—134 relatives from different nursing homes in the region of Murcia. Instruments—structured interview for socio-demographic information, satisfaction with the nursing home, well-being and health self-assessment, Radloff’s Depression Questionnaire (CES-D), and the first version of CAFIAR. Results: A 15-item instrument with three factors was obtained: Factor 1 (Unease due to admitting an older adult to a nursing home), Factor 2 (Relief), and Factor 3 (Nostalgia and concern for the older adult), in addition to a general adjustment index, with a Cronbach’s alpha of 0.74. The general adjustment index and the subscales that demonstrate poor adjustment were significantly correlated with depression and a worse health self-assessment, while the Relief subscale, which indicates better adjustment, was significantly correlated with well-being and a positive health self-assessment. Conclusions: The family adjustment in admitting an older adult to a nursing home questionnaire (CAFIAR) has adequate psychometric properties to assess family adaptation in admitting an older adult to an institution. View Full-Text
Keywords: family adjustment; nursing home; questionnaire development; psychometric properties family adjustment; nursing home; questionnaire development; psychometric properties
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MDPI and ACS Style

Riquelme-Marín, A.; Martín-Carbonell, M.; Ortigosa-Quiles, J.M.; Méndez, I. Development and Exploration of Psychometric Properties of the Family Adjustment Questionnaire for Admitting an Older Adult to a Nursing Home (CAFIAR). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7597. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207597

AMA Style

Riquelme-Marín A, Martín-Carbonell M, Ortigosa-Quiles JM, Méndez I. Development and Exploration of Psychometric Properties of the Family Adjustment Questionnaire for Admitting an Older Adult to a Nursing Home (CAFIAR). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(20):7597. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207597

Chicago/Turabian Style

Riquelme-Marín, Antonio; Martín-Carbonell, Marta; Ortigosa-Quiles, Juan M.; Méndez, Inmaculada. 2020. "Development and Exploration of Psychometric Properties of the Family Adjustment Questionnaire for Admitting an Older Adult to a Nursing Home (CAFIAR)" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 20: 7597. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207597

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