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Article

Positive and Negative Impacts of Caring among Adolescents Caring for Grandparents. Results from an Online Survey in Six European Countries and Implications for Future Research, Policy and Practice

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Centre for Socio-Economic Research on Aging, IRCCS INRCA-National Institute of Health and Science on Aging, Via Santa Margherita 5, 60124 Ancona, Italy
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Unit of Geriatric Pharmacoepidemiology and Biostatistics, IRCCS INRCA-National Institute of Health and Science on Aging, Via Santa Margherita 5, 60124 Ancona, Italy
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Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, viale Berti Pichat 5, 40127 Bologna, Italy
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Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana, Kardeljeva pl. 5, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
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Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ljubljana, Zdravstvena pot. 5, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
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School of Education and Social Work, University of Sussex, Essex House 121, Brighton BN1 9QQ, UK
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Careum School of Health, University of Applied Sciences, Pestalozzistrasse 3, 8032 Zürich, Switzerland
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Medical Faculty, Institute of Biomedical Ethics, University of Basel, Klingelbergstrasse 61, 4056 Basel, Switzerland
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The Netherlands Institute for Social Research (SCP), Postbus 16164, 2500 BD De Hague, The Netherlands
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Department Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, SE-39182 Kalmar, Sweden
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The Swedish Family Care Competence Centre, Strömgatan 13, SE-39232 Kalmar, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(18), 6593; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186593
Received: 30 July 2020 / Revised: 28 August 2020 / Accepted: 8 September 2020 / Published: 10 September 2020
Although up to 8% of European youngsters carry out high-intensity care for a family member, adolescent young carers (AYCs), especially those caring for their grandparents (GrPs), remain an under-researched group. This study aimed at addressing the current knowledge gap by carrying out an online survey in Italy, the Netherlands, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. The analysis included a final sample of 817 AYCs aged 15–17 years old. AYCs of grandparents (GrPs) were compared to AYCs of other care recipients (OCRs), in order to identify any difference in positive and negative caregiving outcomes and exposure factors between the two groups. Linear or logistic regression models were built, and multivariate analyses were repeated, including a fixed effect on the country variable. AYCs of GrPs experienced more positive caregiving outcomes than AYCs of OCRs across all six countries. Being female or non-binary, and having a migration background, were associated with more negative outcomes, regardless of the relationship with the care recipient. Further research on intergenerational caregiving outcomes is recommended for shaping measures and policies, which preserve the intergenerational emotional bonds, whilst protecting AYCs from inappropriate responsibilities, undermining their mental health and well-being. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescent young caregivers; grandparents; intergenerational relationships; older people; online survey; negative caregiving outcomes; positive caregiving outcomes adolescent young caregivers; grandparents; intergenerational relationships; older people; online survey; negative caregiving outcomes; positive caregiving outcomes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Santini, S.; Socci, M.; D’Amen, B.; Di Rosa, M.; Casu, G.; Hlebec, V.; Lewis, F.; Leu, A.; Hoefman, R.; Brolin, R.; Magnusson, L.; Hanson, E. Positive and Negative Impacts of Caring among Adolescents Caring for Grandparents. Results from an Online Survey in Six European Countries and Implications for Future Research, Policy and Practice. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6593. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186593

AMA Style

Santini S, Socci M, D’Amen B, Di Rosa M, Casu G, Hlebec V, Lewis F, Leu A, Hoefman R, Brolin R, Magnusson L, Hanson E. Positive and Negative Impacts of Caring among Adolescents Caring for Grandparents. Results from an Online Survey in Six European Countries and Implications for Future Research, Policy and Practice. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(18):6593. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186593

Chicago/Turabian Style

Santini, Sara, Marco Socci, Barbara D’Amen, Mirko Di Rosa, Giulia Casu, Valentina Hlebec, Feylyn Lewis, Agnes Leu, Renske Hoefman, Rosita Brolin, Lennart Magnusson, and Elizabeth Hanson. 2020. "Positive and Negative Impacts of Caring among Adolescents Caring for Grandparents. Results from an Online Survey in Six European Countries and Implications for Future Research, Policy and Practice" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 18: 6593. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186593

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