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Open AccessArticle

Selected Behavioural Factors Affecting Oral Health in Schoolchildren: Results from the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) Slovak Study

1
Department of Public Health, Jessenius Faculty of Medicine in Martin, Comenius University in Bratislava, Malá Hora 11149/4B, 036 01 Martin, Slovakia
2
Department of Health Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice, 040 11 Košice, Slovakia
3
1st Department of Stomatology, Faculty of Medicine, Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice and University Hospital of Luis Pasteur, 040 11 Košice, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(20), 7516; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207516
Received: 21 September 2020 / Revised: 7 October 2020 / Accepted: 12 October 2020 / Published: 15 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Oral Prevention and Management of Oral Healthcare)
Oral diseases, particularly dental caries, affect as much as nine in 10 persons globally. Its development starts during childhood. Behavioural factors play an important role in its aetiology. The aim of the research was to analyse the prevalence of selected behavioural factors associated with dental caries in Slovak adolescents. Selected factors, such as toothbrushing less than once a day, consumption of sweets and sweetened soft drinks daily and their combination, were analysed using data from Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children surveys carried out in 2005/2006, 2009/2010, 2013/2014 and 2017/2018 in Slovakia. The target group consisted of 11- to 13-year-old schoolchildren. The results were analysed by sex and socioeconomic status. The consumption of sweets and sweetened soft drinks, despite declining, remains widespread (41.3% of boys and 39.6% of girls in 2017/2018). The absence of daily toothbrushing, similarly as a co-occurrence of factors, were more frequent in boys (10.6% and 5.0% in 2017/2018, respectively) than in girls (5.1% and 2.3% in 2017/2018, respectively). The absence of daily toothbrushing was associated with a lower socioeconomic situation. In conclusion, behavioural risk factors affecting oral health are widespread in Slovak adolescents. Despite the positive development of the epidemiological situation, effective interventions, as well as the improvement of oral hygiene in lower socioeconomic groups, are needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: behavioural factors; dental caries; toothbrushing; oral health; sugar consumption; adolescents; Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children behavioural factors; dental caries; toothbrushing; oral health; sugar consumption; adolescents; Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children
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MDPI and ACS Style

Štefanová, E.; Baška, T.; Holubčíková, J.; Timková, S.; Tatarková, M.; Sovičová, M.; Hudečková, H. Selected Behavioural Factors Affecting Oral Health in Schoolchildren: Results from the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) Slovak Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7516.

AMA Style

Štefanová E, Baška T, Holubčíková J, Timková S, Tatarková M, Sovičová M, Hudečková H. Selected Behavioural Factors Affecting Oral Health in Schoolchildren: Results from the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) Slovak Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(20):7516.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Štefanová, Eliška; Baška, Tibor; Holubčíková, Jana; Timková, Silvia; Tatarková, Mária; Sovičová, Miroslava; Hudečková, Henrieta. 2020. "Selected Behavioural Factors Affecting Oral Health in Schoolchildren: Results from the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) Slovak Study" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 20: 7516.

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