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Open AccessArticle

Study to Investigate the Potential of Combined Extract of Leaves and Seeds of Moringa oleifera in Groundwater Purification

1
Department of Physics, College of Science, King Faisal University, P.O. Box 400, Hofuf, Al-Hassa 31982, Saudi Arabia
2
Department of Biotechnology, Noida Institute of Engineering and Technology, 19, Knowledge Park-II, Institutional Area, Greater Noida 201306 (U.P.), India
3
Department of Basic Science, Preparatory Year Deanship, King Faisal University, P.O. Box 400, Hofuf, Al-Hassa 31982, Saudi Arabia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(20), 7468; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207468
Received: 3 September 2020 / Revised: 30 September 2020 / Accepted: 9 October 2020 / Published: 14 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pollution Remediation and Management)
Several parts of the Moringa oleifera plant have revealed incredible potential for water quality improvement. However, the purification potential of a combined leaf and seed extract of Moringa oleifera plants remains unexplored. To the best of our knowledge, this research would be the first to work towards exploiting the combined potential of a leaf and seed extract of the Moringa oleifera plant in the process of water purification. In this study, we investigated the combined effectiveness of the leaf and seed extract in the purification of groundwater. The jar test method was used to analyze the effectiveness of Moringa plant extract (in combination) on different quality parameters of groundwater. Treatment with the combined plant extract (seed and leaf) resulted in significant improvement of various physicochemical (hardness, pH, turbidity, Total Dissolved Solid (TDS), and metallic impurities) and biological parameters (E.coli count) over individual seed and leaf extracts in groundwater samples. Experimental findings have strongly shown the enhanced purification efficacy of the hexane extract of combined plant materials in comparison to the individual extracts, thereby providing us with a potent natural coagulant that could combat the side effects of chemical coagulants. View Full-Text
Keywords: Moringa oleifera; water purification; natural coagulant; jar test apparatus Moringa oleifera; water purification; natural coagulant; jar test apparatus
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alam, M.W.; Pandey, P.; Khan, F.; Souayeh, B.; Farhan, M. Study to Investigate the Potential of Combined Extract of Leaves and Seeds of Moringa oleifera in Groundwater Purification. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7468. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207468

AMA Style

Alam MW, Pandey P, Khan F, Souayeh B, Farhan M. Study to Investigate the Potential of Combined Extract of Leaves and Seeds of Moringa oleifera in Groundwater Purification. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(20):7468. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207468

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alam, Mir W.; Pandey, Pratibha; Khan, Fahad; Souayeh, Basma; Farhan, Mohd. 2020. "Study to Investigate the Potential of Combined Extract of Leaves and Seeds of Moringa oleifera in Groundwater Purification" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 20: 7468. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207468

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