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Article

A Safety Climate Framework for Improving Health and Safety in the Indonesian Construction Industry

1
Occupational Health & Safety Department, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia
2
Faculty of Built Environment, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
3
School of Built Environment, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2007, Australia
4
Occupational Safety, Health & Environmental Unit, Universitas Indonesia, Depok 16424, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(20), 7462; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207462
Received: 3 August 2020 / Revised: 21 September 2020 / Accepted: 12 October 2020 / Published: 14 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Towards Safer Construction in Developing Countries)
The Indonesian construction industry is the second largest in Asia and accounts for over 30% of all occupational injuries in the country. Despite the size of the industry, there is a lack of safety research in this context. This research, therefore, aims to assess safety climate and develop a framework to improve safety in the Indonesian construction industry. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected from 311 construction workers. The results show a moderately healthy safety climate but reflect numerous problems, particularly around perceived conflicts between production and safety logics, cost trade-offs being made against other competing project priorities, poor safety communication, poor working conditions, acceptance of poor safety as the norm, poor reporting and monitoring practices, poor training and a risky and unsupportive working environment which prevents workers from operating safely. Two new safety climate paradoxes are also revealed: contradictions between management communications and management practices; contradictions between worker concern for safety and their low sense of personal accountability and empowerment for acting to reduce these risks. A low locus of control over safety is also identified as a significant problem which is related to prevailing Indonesian cultural norms and poor safety policy implementation and potential conflicts between formal and informal safety norms, practices and procedures. Drawing on these findings, a new integrated framework of safety climate is presented to improve safety performance in the Indonesian construction industry. View Full-Text
Keywords: construction; Indonesia; locus of control; safety climate; safety norms construction; Indonesia; locus of control; safety climate; safety norms
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lestari, F.; Sunindijo, R.Y.; Loosemore, M.; Kusminanti, Y.; Widanarko, B. A Safety Climate Framework for Improving Health and Safety in the Indonesian Construction Industry. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7462. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207462

AMA Style

Lestari F, Sunindijo RY, Loosemore M, Kusminanti Y, Widanarko B. A Safety Climate Framework for Improving Health and Safety in the Indonesian Construction Industry. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(20):7462. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207462

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lestari, Fatma, Riza Y. Sunindijo, Martin Loosemore, Yuni Kusminanti, and Baiduri Widanarko. 2020. "A Safety Climate Framework for Improving Health and Safety in the Indonesian Construction Industry" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 20: 7462. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207462

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