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Open AccessArticle

Piercing and Oral Health: A Study on the Knowledge of Risks and Complications

Department of Oral and MaxilloFacial Sciences, “Sapienza” University of Rome, Via Caserta 6, 00161 Rome, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(2), 613;
Received: 15 December 2019 / Revised: 7 January 2020 / Accepted: 14 January 2020 / Published: 18 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Oral Prevention and Management of Oral Healthcare)
The aim of the present study is to verify the knowledge of risks and complications of oral piercings, and to observe the main complications associated with piercings, using a sample from central Italy of patients wearing intraoral piercings. Through piercing and tattoo studios selected randomly in Rome, Latina and Campobasso, and a tattoo and piercing convention in Latina, a group of 387 individuals with oral piercings were selected and asked to complete an anonymous questionnaire. After filling in questionnaires, 70 individuals of the 387 selected agreed to be visited to allow the observation of the integrity of their teeth and gums (especially close to the oral piercing), oral hygiene conditions, piercing cleaning, bad habits and gingival recession. Among the respondents, 46.8% said they had not been informed about these risks, 48.5% claimed not to clean the piercing, 70.6% stated that they had not been made aware of gingival problems that can arise, 60.4% subjects stated that they were not informed about the complications of piercings concerning teeth, 52.8% had insufficient oral hygiene conditions, 42% showed signs of generalised gingivitis, 20% had 3–4 mm recessions and 22% had tooth fracture(s) due to piercing. From this study, it emerged that oral piercings can represent a risk to oral health and that there is a widespread lack of awareness of the complications and correct methods of maintaining oral piercings. Periodic checks by both dentists and dental hygienists, for patients with oral piercings, could play a decisive role in preventing, intercepting and treating the complications that they can cause. View Full-Text
Keywords: oral piercing; oral health; health promotion; dental education oral piercing; oral health; health promotion; dental education
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MDPI and ACS Style

Covello, F.; Salerno, C.; Giovannini, V.; Corridore, D.; Ottolenghi, L.; Vozza, I. Piercing and Oral Health: A Study on the Knowledge of Risks and Complications. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 613.

AMA Style

Covello F, Salerno C, Giovannini V, Corridore D, Ottolenghi L, Vozza I. Piercing and Oral Health: A Study on the Knowledge of Risks and Complications. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(2):613.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Covello, Francesco; Salerno, Camilla; Giovannini, Valentina; Corridore, Denise; Ottolenghi, Livia; Vozza, Iole. 2020. "Piercing and Oral Health: A Study on the Knowledge of Risks and Complications" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 2: 613.

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