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Open AccessCase Report

Invasive Basidiobolomycosis Presenting as Retroperitoneal Fibrosis: A Case Report

Department of Radiology, King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh 11525, Saudi Arabia
Department of Radiology, Prince Sultan Military Medical City, Riyadh 11159, Saudi Arabia
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim 51452, Saudi Arabia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(2), 535;
Received: 3 December 2019 / Revised: 10 January 2020 / Accepted: 12 January 2020 / Published: 15 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Infectious Disease Epidemiology)
Basidiobolomycosis is an uncommon emerging fungal infection caused by Basidiobolus ranarum. It frequently causes cutaneous infection, but it rarely infects visceral tissues in humans. Here, a 39-year-old previously healthy woman presented with severe left-sided abdominal pain and weight loss. She had visited several hospitals and had provisionally been diagnosed as having either a retroperitoneal malignancy or retroperitoneal fibrosis before being referred to our hospital. Abdominal computerized tomography and biopsy of the retroperitoneal mass revealed retroperitoneal basidiobolomycosis infection. She was started on antifungal treatment. This led to significant improvement, without surgical intervention. Gastrointestinal basidiobolomycosis can present in many forms, commonly involving the colon and liver with multifocal inflammatory masses. Nonetheless, retroperitoneal basidiobolomycosis presentation is extremely rare and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a retroperitoneal mass with eosinophilia. View Full-Text
Keywords: basidiobolomycosis; retroperitoneal; fungal infection; mycoses basidiobolomycosis; retroperitoneal; fungal infection; mycoses
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Alsharidah, A.; Mahli, Y.; Alshabyli, N.; Alsuhaibani, M. Invasive Basidiobolomycosis Presenting as Retroperitoneal Fibrosis: A Case Report. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 535.

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