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Article

The Prevalence of E-Gambling and of Problem E-Gambling in Poland

Institute of Psychology, The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, 20-950 Lublin, Poland
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(2), 404; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020404
Received: 22 November 2019 / Revised: 19 December 2019 / Accepted: 6 January 2020 / Published: 8 January 2020
This study estimated the levels of involvement in e-gambling and problem e-gambling in Poland and identified selected sociodemographic variables associated with e-gambling activities. The study was conducted using a representative sample of the adult inhabitants of Poland (n = 2000). The survey contained questions measuring three aspects of gambling (involvement in e-gambling, types of e-gambling activity, and problematic e-gambling). Results suggested that 4.1% of respondents were involved in e-gambling and 26.8% of them could be classified as problem gamblers. The most popular e-gambling games were lotteries and sports betting. Gender, age, size of city of residence, level of education, and income were identified as significant predictors of involvement in e-gambling. The results indicated that men, younger people, and people who earnt less were more often involved in e-gambling. Having children, playing online scratch cards, and online sport betting—but not online lotteries—turned out to be typical for problem online gamblers. The prevalence of problem gambling among Polish e-gamblers suggests that extended research in this area is needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: e-gambling; e-gambling prevalence; forms of e-gambling; problem e-gambling e-gambling; e-gambling prevalence; forms of e-gambling; problem e-gambling
MDPI and ACS Style

Lelonek-Kuleta, B.; Bartczuk, R.P.; Wiechetek, M.; Chwaszcz, J.; Niewiadomska, I. The Prevalence of E-Gambling and of Problem E-Gambling in Poland. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 404. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020404

AMA Style

Lelonek-Kuleta B, Bartczuk RP, Wiechetek M, Chwaszcz J, Niewiadomska I. The Prevalence of E-Gambling and of Problem E-Gambling in Poland. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(2):404. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020404

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lelonek-Kuleta, Bernadeta, Rafał P. Bartczuk, Michał Wiechetek, Joanna Chwaszcz, and Iwona Niewiadomska. 2020. "The Prevalence of E-Gambling and of Problem E-Gambling in Poland" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 2: 404. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020404

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