Next Article in Journal
Well-Being without a Roof: Examining Well-Being among Unhoused Individuals Using Mixed Methods and Propensity Score Matching
Next Article in Special Issue
Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior Research in Indonesian Youth: A Scoping Review
Previous Article in Journal
Ecological Engineering for the Optimisation of the Land-Based Marine Aquaculture of Coastal Shellfish
Previous Article in Special Issue
Validity of Items Assessing Self-Reported Number of Breaks in Sitting Time among Children and Adolescents
 
 
Article

Changes in Physical Activity Patterns from Childhood to Adolescence: Genobox Longitudinal Study

1
Department of Specific Didactics, Faculty of Education, University of Córdoba, 14071 Córdoba, Spain
2
CIBEROBN, (Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition) Institute of Health Carlos III (ISCIII), 28029 Madrid, Spain
3
Metabolism and Investigation Unit, Reina Sofia University Hospital, Institute Maimónides of Biomedicine Investigation of Córdoba (IMIBIC), University of Córdoba, 14004 Córdoba, Spain
4
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology II, Institute of Nutrition and Food Technology “José Mataix”, Center of Biomedical Research, University of Granada, Armilla, 18016 Granada, Spain
5
Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria IBS, 18012 Granada, Spain
6
GENUD Researchgroup, University of Zaragoza, Instituto Agroalimentario de Aragón (IA2), Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria (IIS), 50009 Aragón, Zaragoza, Spain
7
Unit of Investigation in Nutrition, Growth and Human Development of Galicia, Department of Pediatrics, University Clinical Hospital of Santiago, University of Santiago de Compostela, 15701 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
8
Pediatric Endocrinology Unit, Lozano Blesa University Clinical Hospital of Zaragoza, Faculty of Medicine, University of Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(19), 7227; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197227
Received: 8 August 2020 / Revised: 28 September 2020 / Accepted: 29 September 2020 / Published: 2 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour in Children and Youth)
Longitudinal changes of physical activity (PA) from childhood into adolescence have not been accurately described yet for the Spanish population. The aim of this study is to evaluate the changes of PA, assessed by accelerometry and anthropometric measures in a cohort of 213 children from the prepubertal to pubertal period, focusing on those with valid data from both time points (n = 75). Sedentary time (ST) increased about 50%, while all PA intensities declined from the pre-pubertal to pubertal period. Light PA (LPA) was the major contributor, decreasing by about 30%. Boys were more active than girls in both periods, but they showed a higher decline in PA, especially moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA). The proportion who reached the recommendation of 60 min of MVPA decreased by 33.3% in boys and 4.6% in girls. Children with obesity or overweight had lower MVPA than those with normal-weight in the pre-pubertal period, but no differences were found in the pubertal period. This study shows a decrease of PA and an increase of sedentarism in the transition from childhood to adolescence, particularly in boys. Regardless of body weight, adolescents tend to be less active. Therefore, prevention programs should be implemented to achieve optimal PA and reduce sedentarism during infancy considering the differences found by sex. View Full-Text
Keywords: childhood; obesity; physical activity; pubertal status; sedentary time childhood; obesity; physical activity; pubertal status; sedentary time
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Llorente-Cantarero, F.J.; Aguilar-Gómez, F.J.; Anguita-Ruiz, A.; Rupérez, A.I.; Vázquez-Cobela, R.; Flores-Rojas, K.; Aguilera, C.M.; Gonzalez-Gil, E.M.; Gil-Campos, M.; Bueno-Lozano, G.; Leis, R. Changes in Physical Activity Patterns from Childhood to Adolescence: Genobox Longitudinal Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7227. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197227

AMA Style

Llorente-Cantarero FJ, Aguilar-Gómez FJ, Anguita-Ruiz A, Rupérez AI, Vázquez-Cobela R, Flores-Rojas K, Aguilera CM, Gonzalez-Gil EM, Gil-Campos M, Bueno-Lozano G, Leis R. Changes in Physical Activity Patterns from Childhood to Adolescence: Genobox Longitudinal Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(19):7227. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197227

Chicago/Turabian Style

Llorente-Cantarero, Francisco Jesús, Francisco Javier Aguilar-Gómez, Augusto Anguita-Ruiz, Azahara Iris Rupérez, Rocío Vázquez-Cobela, Katherine Flores-Rojas, Concepción M. Aguilera, Esther M. Gonzalez-Gil, Mercedes Gil-Campos, Gloria Bueno-Lozano, and Rosaura Leis. 2020. "Changes in Physical Activity Patterns from Childhood to Adolescence: Genobox Longitudinal Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 19: 7227. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197227

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop