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Open AccessArticle

Testing the Intermediary Role of Perceived Stress in the Relationship between Mindfulness and Burnout Subtypes in a Large Sample of Spanish University Students

1
Psicoforma Integral Psychology Center, 46001 Valencia, Spain
2
Excellence Research Network PROMOSAM (PSI2014-56303-REDT), 28029 Madrid, Spain
3
Obesity Unit. QuironSalud, 46010 Valencia, Spain
4
Institut de Recerca Sant Joan de Déu, 08950 Esplugues de Llobregat, Spain
5
Teaching, Research & Innovation Unit, Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu, 08830 St. Boi de Llobregat, Spain
6
Faculty of Psychology, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra (Cerdanyola del Vallès), Barcelona, Spain
7
Department of Medicine, International University of Catalonia, C/Josep Trueta s/n, 08195 Sant Cugat del Vallès, Barcelona, Spain
8
Department of Nursery and Physiotherapy, Universitat de Lleida, 25198 Lleida, Spain
9
Department of Psychology, Faculty of Health Sciences, European University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
10
Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, Catholic University of Valencia San Vicente Mártir, 46001 Valencia, Spain
11
Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Warneford Hospital, Oxford OX3 7JX, UK
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Both authors contributed equally to this paper and should be considered as co-first authors.
These authors share senior authorship.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(19), 7013; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197013
Received: 5 August 2020 / Revised: 11 September 2020 / Accepted: 21 September 2020 / Published: 25 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Burnout as a Public Health Problem and Its Approach from Prevention)
The burnout syndrome is the consequence of chronic stress that overwhelms an individual’s resources to cope with occupational or academic demands. Frenetic, under-challenged, and worn-out are different burnout subtypes. Mindfulness has been recognized to reduce stress, comprising five facets (observing, describing, acting with awareness, non-judging of inner experience, and non-reactivity to inner experience). This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the relationship between mindfulness facets, perceived stress, and burnout subtypes in a sample of 1233 students of Education, Nursing, and Psychology degrees from different universities of Valencia (Spain). Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) was computed showing an adequate fit (Chi-square, CFI, TLI, RMSEA, and SRMR). Four mindfulness facets (all but observing) significantly correlated with general second-order mindfulness. Unexpected results were found: Acting with awareness facet was positively associated with frenetic subtype, while the non-reacting facet was positively associated with frenetic and under-challenged subtype. Ultimately, mindfulness facets negatively predicted the perceived stress levels, which in turn, predicted burnout. However, mindfulness plays different roles in the early stages of burnout syndrome (i.e., frenetic and under-challenged). View Full-Text
Keywords: burnout; mindfulness; stress; mental health; students; university; structural equation model; cross-sectional study burnout; mindfulness; stress; mental health; students; university; structural equation model; cross-sectional study
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Martínez-Rubio, D.; Sanabria-Mazo, J.P.; Feliu-Soler, A.; Colomer-Carbonell, A.; Martínez-Brotóns, C.; Solé, S.; Escamilla, C.; Giménez-Fita, E.; Moreno, Y.; Pérez-Aranda, A.; Luciano, J.V.; Montero-Marín, J. Testing the Intermediary Role of Perceived Stress in the Relationship between Mindfulness and Burnout Subtypes in a Large Sample of Spanish University Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7013.

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