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Article

Health and Well-Being in Protected Natural Areas—Visitors’ Satisfaction in Three Different Protected Natural Area Categories in Catalonia, Spain

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Institut Nacional d’Educació Física de Catalunya (INEFC), Universidad de Lleida (UdL), 25192 Lleida, Spain
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Grup d’Investigació Social i Educativa de l’Activitat Física i de l’Esport (GISEAFE), INEFC, Universidad de Barcelona (UB), 08038 Barcelona, Spain
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Grup de Recerca Moviment Humà, Universidad de Lleida (UdL), 25192 Lleida, Spain
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Grup de Recerca en Desenvolupament i Innovació de la Condició Física i l’Exercici (DICFE), INEFC, Universidad de Lleida (UdL), 25192 Lleida, Spain
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Grup d’Investigació en Acció Motriu (GIAM), INEFC, Universidad de Lleida, 25192 Lleida, Spain
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Grup d’Observació de la Motricitat i l’Esport, Innovació en Dissenys Observacionals i Mixed Methods Research, INEFC, Universidad de Lleida (UdL), 25192 Lleida, Spain
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Grup d’Investigació sobre l’Activitat Física i la seva Didàctica per a l’Educació, la Cultura i el Benestar (DECUBIAF), INEFC, Universidad de Lleida (UdL), 25192 Lleida, Spain
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Grup de Recerca en Sistemes Complexos i Esport, INEFC, Universidad de Lleida (UdL), 25192 Lleida, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(18), 6746; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186746
Received: 18 July 2020 / Revised: 1 September 2020 / Accepted: 3 September 2020 / Published: 16 September 2020
Protected natural areas (PNAs) can be a source of health and well-being, but little research has been carried out regarding outcomes in terms of satisfaction (the difference between motivations and benefits). Inspired by previous research that examines the motivations and benefits perceived by visitors to various PNAs in Canada, and based on importance–performance analysis (IPA) and service quality gap (GAP) analysis theory, the aim of this study was to identify the outcomes generated by protected areas in terms of satisfaction, especially with regard to the PNAs’ individual protection categories. The study was based on survey data from visitors (n = 360) to three PNAs in Catalonia: one national park, one natural park and one periurban park. The results indicate that anticipated environmental, psychological, physical and social benefits were of major personal value in choosing to visit a PNA. The results indicate that, generally, visitors were satisfied with regard to the benefits anticipated. Differences between parks in this respect could be explained in part by sociodemographic factors and visitors’ behavior. The results are discussed in terms of their applicability and how they relate to the role of PNAs in the promotion of visitors’ health and well-being. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; health-related physical activities; motivations; benefits; national parks; natural parks; periurban parks; management physical activity; health-related physical activities; motivations; benefits; national parks; natural parks; periurban parks; management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Farías-Torbidoni, E.I.; Mas-Alòs, S.; Gil-Moreno-de-Mora, G.; Lavega-Burgués, P.; Castañer, M.; Lorente-Catalán, E.; Seguí-Urbaneja, J.; Lacasa-Claver, E. Health and Well-Being in Protected Natural Areas—Visitors’ Satisfaction in Three Different Protected Natural Area Categories in Catalonia, Spain. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6746. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186746

AMA Style

Farías-Torbidoni EI, Mas-Alòs S, Gil-Moreno-de-Mora G, Lavega-Burgués P, Castañer M, Lorente-Catalán E, Seguí-Urbaneja J, Lacasa-Claver E. Health and Well-Being in Protected Natural Areas—Visitors’ Satisfaction in Three Different Protected Natural Area Categories in Catalonia, Spain. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(18):6746. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186746

Chicago/Turabian Style

Farías-Torbidoni, Estela I., Sebastià Mas-Alòs, Gonzalo Gil-Moreno-de-Mora, Pere Lavega-Burgués, Marta Castañer, Eloisa Lorente-Catalán, Jordi Seguí-Urbaneja, and Enric Lacasa-Claver. 2020. "Health and Well-Being in Protected Natural Areas—Visitors’ Satisfaction in Three Different Protected Natural Area Categories in Catalonia, Spain" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 18: 6746. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186746

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