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Article

Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Knowledge, Precaution Practice, and Associated Depression Symptoms among University Students in Korea, China, and Japan

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Department of Health Administration, Graduate School, Yonsei University, 1 Yonseidae-gil, Wonju, Gangwon-do 26493, Korea
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Centre for Health Management and Policy Research, School of Public Health, Cheeloo College of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan 250012, China
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NHC Key Lab of Health Economics and Policy Research, Shandong University, Jinan 250012, China
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Juntendo Advanced Research Institute for Health Science, Juntendo University, Hongo 2-1-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8421, Japan
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Global Health Service Course, Faculty of International Liberal Arts, Juntendo University, Hongo 2-1-1, Bumkyo-ku, Toyko 113-8421, Japan
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Healthy City Research Center, Institute of Health and Welfare, Yonsei University, 1 Yonseidae-gil, Wonju, Gangwon-do 26493, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(18), 6671; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186671
Received: 11 August 2020 / Revised: 9 September 2020 / Accepted: 11 September 2020 / Published: 13 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Outbreak of a Novel Coronavirus: A Global Health Threat)
This study assessed university students’ knowledge and precaution practices of Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) in South Korea, China, and Japan, and investigated their depressive states during the pandemic. This cross-sectional survey collected data from 821 respondents, using an anonymous online questionnaire designed by the Yonsei Global Health Center, from 23 March to 20 April 2020, which included socio-demographic questions, knowledge and perceptions of COVID-19, preventative practices, and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) scale to assess mental health. High proportions of respondents showed good knowledge of the transmission pathways and information related to COVID-19. Contact history as well as concerns about family members and the disease showed statistically significant distinctions by nationality and gender. On the whole, all participants reported good levels of preventative practices. The Chinese group reported the highest preventative practice scores; and females scored higher than males. Moreover, the Japanese group showed the most severe depressive states; overall, females experienced more severe depression than males. Thus, authorities should especially emphasize the importance of COVID-19 precautions to males. Educational departments and health authorities should observe the mental health of university adults during the pandemic and plan interventions to improve it. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; knowledge; Korea; China; Japan; university adults; preventative practices; depression COVID-19; knowledge; Korea; China; Japan; university adults; preventative practices; depression
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhao, B.; Kong, F.; Aung, M.N.; Yuasa, M.; Nam, E.W. Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Knowledge, Precaution Practice, and Associated Depression Symptoms among University Students in Korea, China, and Japan. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6671. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186671

AMA Style

Zhao B, Kong F, Aung MN, Yuasa M, Nam EW. Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Knowledge, Precaution Practice, and Associated Depression Symptoms among University Students in Korea, China, and Japan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(18):6671. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186671

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhao, Bo, Fanlei Kong, Myo N. Aung, Motoyuki Yuasa, and Eun W. Nam 2020. "Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Knowledge, Precaution Practice, and Associated Depression Symptoms among University Students in Korea, China, and Japan" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 18: 6671. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186671

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