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Article

Relationships between Physical and Social Behavioural Changes and the Mental Status of Homebound Residents in Hong Kong during the COVID-19 Pandemic

1
School of Professional Education and Executive Development, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China
2
The Jockey Club School of Public Health and Primary Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
3
Department of Mathematics and Information Technology, The Education University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
4
Faulty of Business, City University of Macau, Macau, China
5
Department of Orthopaedics & Traumatology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(18), 6653; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186653
Received: 12 August 2020 / Revised: 1 September 2020 / Accepted: 9 September 2020 / Published: 12 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Outbreak of a Novel Coronavirus: A Global Health Threat)
In Hong Kong, social distancing has been adopted in order to minimise the spread of COVID-19. This study aims to examine the changes in physical health, mental health, and social well-being experienced by local residents who were homebound during the pandemic. An online questionnaire in both Chinese and English versions was completed by 590 eligible participants from 24 April to 13 May 2020. The questionnaire found that individuals aged 18 to 25 years spent more time resting and relaxing but experienced more physical strain. Working status was associated with social contact, with participants working full-time jobs scoring higher in “maintaining social communication via electronic means” and “avoiding social activities outside the home”. Additionally, approximately one third of the participants (29.7%) had moderate to severe depression, and participants aged 18 to 25 were found to have higher scores in PHQ-9. Changes in physical health and social contact were significantly associated with developing depressive symptoms. From the results, it is clear that the COVID-19 pandemic has the potential to exert a negative impact on the mental health status of individuals. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; physical health changes; social contact; social distancing; Patient Health Questionnaire-9 COVID-19; physical health changes; social contact; social distancing; Patient Health Questionnaire-9
MDPI and ACS Style

Fong, B.Y.F.; Wong, M.C.S.; Law, V.T.S.; Lo, M.F.; Ng, T.K.C.; Yee, H.H.L.; Leung, T.C.H.; Ho, P.W.T. Relationships between Physical and Social Behavioural Changes and the Mental Status of Homebound Residents in Hong Kong during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6653. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186653

AMA Style

Fong BYF, Wong MCS, Law VTS, Lo MF, Ng TKC, Yee HHL, Leung TCH, Ho PWT. Relationships between Physical and Social Behavioural Changes and the Mental Status of Homebound Residents in Hong Kong during the COVID-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(18):6653. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186653

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fong, Ben Y.F., Martin C.S. Wong, Vincent T.S. Law, Man F. Lo, Tommy K.C. Ng, Hilary H.L. Yee, Tiffany C.H. Leung, and Percy W.T. Ho 2020. "Relationships between Physical and Social Behavioural Changes and the Mental Status of Homebound Residents in Hong Kong during the COVID-19 Pandemic" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 18: 6653. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186653

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