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Article

The Recommended and Excessive Preventive Behaviors during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Community-Based Online Survey in China

1
School of Medicine and Health Management, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, Hubei, China
2
Research Center for Rural Health Service, Key Research Institute of Humanities & Social Sciences of Hubei Provincial Department of Education, Wuhan 430030, Hubei, China
3
School of Pharmacy, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, Hubei, China
4
China National Center for Biotechnology Development, Beijing 100039, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(19), 6953; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17196953
Received: 9 September 2020 / Revised: 19 September 2020 / Accepted: 22 September 2020 / Published: 23 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Outbreak of a Novel Coronavirus: A Global Health Threat)
COVID-19 presents unprecedented challenges to the global public health response. Preventive behaviors and keeping social distance are regarded as compelling ways to prevent COVID-19. This study focused on the sociological and psychological factors associated with proper and excessive preventive behaviors of the COVID-19 outbreak in China. For the sample, we collected the data of 4788 participants who were surveyed between 4 April and 15 April 2020 from eight provinces in China. This study designed a self-filled questionnaire that included demographic information, six components of the Health Belief Model, and target preventive behaviors. Descriptive analysis, Chi-square test, logistic regression analysis, Mantel–Haenszel hierarchical analysis, and propensity score matching were employed in this study. The results showed that 54.7% of the participants had adequate basic prevention, 63.6% of the participants had adequate advanced prevention, and 5.8% of the participants practiced excessive prevention. The elder participants were less likely to engage in proper preventive behaviors. Perceived susceptibility, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, cues to action, and knowledge levels were associated with preventive behaviors. Excessive preventive behaviors in high-risk groups with suspected symptoms were associated with their extreme psychological condition, while the support from the community and family plays an important role in avoiding these behaviors. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; health belief model; preventive behaviors; mental health COVID-19; health belief model; preventive behaviors; mental health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ye, Y.; Wang, R.; Feng, D.; Wu, R.; Li, Z.; Long, C.; Feng, Z.; Tang, S. The Recommended and Excessive Preventive Behaviors during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Community-Based Online Survey in China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6953. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17196953

AMA Style

Ye Y, Wang R, Feng D, Wu R, Li Z, Long C, Feng Z, Tang S. The Recommended and Excessive Preventive Behaviors during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Community-Based Online Survey in China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(19):6953. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17196953

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ye, Yisheng, Ruoxi Wang, Da Feng, Ruijun Wu, Zhifei Li, Chengxu Long, Zhanchun Feng, and Shangfeng Tang. 2020. "The Recommended and Excessive Preventive Behaviors during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Community-Based Online Survey in China" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 19: 6953. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17196953

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