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Article

Living with Pain and Looking for a Safe Environment: A Qualitative Study among Nursing Students with Dysmenorrhea

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Department of Nursing, University of Huelva, Avenida Tres de Marzo s/n, 21071 Huelva, Spain
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Department of Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Research Group of Humanities and Qualitative Research in Health Science of Universidad Rey Juan Carlos (Hum&QRinHS), Avenida Atenas s/n, 28922 Alcorcón, Spain
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Department of Nursing, Red Cross College, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Gregorio Marañón (IiSGM), Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Calle Reina Victoria 28, 28003 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(18), 6670; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186670
Received: 20 August 2020 / Revised: 9 September 2020 / Accepted: 10 September 2020 / Published: 13 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nursing Research)
Dysmenorrhea refers to chronic pain associated with menstruation that is often accompanied by other symptoms. Primary dysmenorrhea (PD) occurs without any associated pelvic disease. Nonetheless, it may negatively affect women’s quality of life. Among university students, dysmenorrhea decreases academic performance and is a cause of absenteeism. The purposes of our study were to describe how nursing students experienced PD and the changes affecting their body and mood. A qualitative case study was performed among 33 nursing students with PD. Data were collected through five focus groups (with two sessions each) and 10 researchers’ field notes. We used a video meeting platform to conduct the focus groups. A thematic analysis was performed, and the Standards for Reporting Qualitative Research and the Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research guidelines were followed. Three main themes emerged from the data: (a) living with dysmenorrhea, with two subthemes: menstruation and pain; (b) body changes and mood swings; and (c) seeking a safe environment, with three subthemes: safe environment, unsafe environment, and key safety aspects. Students considered menstruation to be negative and limiting, causing physical and mood changes, making them feel less attractive, and conditioning their way of dressing and relating. View Full-Text
Keywords: dysmenorrhea; pelvic pain; nursing students; qualitative research dysmenorrhea; pelvic pain; nursing students; qualitative research
MDPI and ACS Style

Fernández-Martínez, E.; Abreu-Sánchez, A.; Pérez-Corrales, J.; Ruiz-Castillo, J.; Velarde-García, J.F.; Palacios-Ceña, D. Living with Pain and Looking for a Safe Environment: A Qualitative Study among Nursing Students with Dysmenorrhea. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6670. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186670

AMA Style

Fernández-Martínez E, Abreu-Sánchez A, Pérez-Corrales J, Ruiz-Castillo J, Velarde-García JF, Palacios-Ceña D. Living with Pain and Looking for a Safe Environment: A Qualitative Study among Nursing Students with Dysmenorrhea. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(18):6670. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186670

Chicago/Turabian Style

Fernández-Martínez, Elia, Ana Abreu-Sánchez, Jorge Pérez-Corrales, Javier Ruiz-Castillo, Juan F. Velarde-García, and Domingo Palacios-Ceña. 2020. "Living with Pain and Looking for a Safe Environment: A Qualitative Study among Nursing Students with Dysmenorrhea" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 18: 6670. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186670

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